The deserts, savannas, arid woodlands, and forests that comprise the Caucasus hotspot contain a large number of endemic plant species.
Forming a natural barrier between the Mediterranean Basin and the dry plateaus of Western Asia, the mountains and basins that make up the Irano-Anatolian Hotspot contain many centers of local endemism.
The flora of the Mediterranean Basin is dramatic. Its 22,500 endemic vascular plant species are more than four times the number found in all the rest of Europe.
MOUNTAINS OF CENTRAL ASIA
Comprising two of Asia’s major mountain ranges, the Mountains of Central Asia were known to early Persians as the “roof of the world.”