CALIFORNIA FLORISTIC PROVINCE
The California Floristic Province is a zone of Mediterranean-type climate and has the high levels of plant endemism characteristic of these regions.
The Caribbean Islands support exceptionally diverse ecosystems, ranging from montane cloud forests to cactus scrublands, which have been devastated by deforestation and encroachment.
MADREAN PINE-OAK WOODLANDS
Encompassing Mexico’s main mountain chains, and isolated mountaintop islands in Baja California and the southern United States, the Madrean Pine-Oak Woodlands is an area of rugged mountainous terrain, high relief, and deep canyons.
The Mesoamerican forests are the third largest among the world’s hotspots. Their spectacular endemic species include quetzals, howler monkeys, and 17,000 plant species.
North American Coastal Plain
The North American Coastal Plain has more than 1,500 endemic vascular plants and greater than 70 percent habitat loss. The Hotspot is the Geological Coastal Plain and the Coastal Plain Floristic Province. The latter is nested entirely within the former.