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Tab 1

Overview
Tiger resting in tall grass, India

Sitting at the juncture between Asia and the Indian subcontinent, the Eastern Himalayas includes Bhutan, northeastern India and southern, central and eastern Nepal. Previously classified as a region within the Indo-Burma biodiversity hotspot, the Eastern Himalayas Region now stretches across the Indo-Burma and Himalaya hotspots, with the latter being identified as a new hotspot in 2005.

Among the important globally threatened mammals found here are Asia’s three largest herbivores—Asian elephant (Elephas maximus), greater one-horned rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) and wild water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis)—and its largest carnivore, the tiger (Panthera tigris), as well as several large birds such as vultures, adjutant storks and hornbills.

The top predators, large herbivores and specialized pollinators that inhabit the Eastern Himalayas play critical roles in maintaining the health of the varied ecosystems.

Throughout the rugged landscape, traditional village-level and other community-level institutions have played dominant roles in protecting community resources. Even today, most local communities are heavily dependent on forest products, natural resources and ecological services for their livelihoods and daily subsistence. However, chronic collection of non-timber forest products; harvest of trees for fuel, fodder and lumber; and conversion of forests for agriculture have contributed to ecosystem degradation and habitat loss across the Himalayas.

Tab 2

Strategy
Ethnobotanical Society expedition members in forest

We aim to strengthen the role of communities and local groups in biodiversity conservation and restoration in key sites and landscapes in the Eastern Himalayas.

Our support to civil society in this region began in 2005 guided by an ecosystem profile developed with stakeholders. An important component of the strategy is building of alliances and coalitions among civil society groups to scale up their ability to address landscape conservation issues and influence national policies in favor of biodiversity.

Our support focuses primarily on 60 key biodiversity areas, many of which are found in five large landscapes: Terai Arc Landscape, Bhutan Biological Conservation Complex, Kangchenjunga-Singalila Complex, Kaziranga-Karbi Anlong Landscape and North Bank Landscape. The Kangchenjunga-Singalila Complex, for example, includes five priority sites and represents a complex of trans-boundary reserves in eastern Nepal and Sikkim and Darjeeling in India.

Four strategic directions guide our investments:

  1. Build on existing landscape conservation initiatives to maintain and restore connectivity and to protect wide-ranging threatened species in priority corridors with a particular emphasis on the Bhutan Biological Conservation Complex, Kangchenjunga-Singalila Complex and North Bank Landscape.
  2. Secure the conservation of priority site outcomes (key biodiversity areas) in the Eastern Himalayas with a particular emphasis on the Bhutan Biological Conservation Complex, Kangchenjunga-Singalila Complex and North Bank Landscape.
  3. Leverage partnerships among donor agencies, civil society and government institutions to achieve priority biodiversity conservation outcomes over the long term.
  4. Develop a small grants program to safeguard globally threatened species in the Eastern Himalayas.

Tab 3

Priorities
CEPF STRATEGIC DIRECTIONS CEPF INVESTMENT PRIORITIES
1.  Build on existing landscape conservation initiatives to maintain and restore connectivity and to protect wide-ranging threatened species in priority corridors with a particular emphasis on the Bhutan Biological Conservation Complex, Kangchenjunga-Singalila Complex, and North Bank Landscape 1.1  Identify important habitat linkages between site outcomes in the priority corridors.
1.2  Engage civil society in developing and implementing management plans for key habitat linkages.
1.3  Support targeted conservation education and awareness programs among communities, schools, journalists and decisionmakers in priority corridors.
1.4  Promote forest management practices that benefit biodiversity conservation in the priority corridors.
2.  Secure the conservation of priority site outcomes (key biodiversity areas) in the eastern Himalayas with a particular emphasis on the Bhutan Biological Conservation Complex, Kangchenjunga-Singalila Complex, and North Bank Landscape 2.1  Support targeted efforts to manage, protect and monitor site outcomes (key biodiversity areas).
2.2  Provide incremental support to effective, ongoing alternative livelihood projects with local communities that ease threats to and enhance conservation of priority sites.
2.3  Support traditional land- and resource-use practices in projects that will ensure effective conservation of priority sites.
3.  Leverage partnerships among donor agencies, civil society, and government institutions to achieve priority biodiversity conservation outcomes over the long term 3.1  Strengthen and support government and civil society partnerships that result in new funding for achieving conservation outcomes in the eastern Himalayas.
3.2  Support training programs to protect, manage and monitor species, sites and corridor outcomes.
3.3  Develop and strengthen capacity among grassroots civil society organizations to manage, monitor, and mitigate threats to biodiversity.
3.4  Support transboundary initiatives for conservation of wide-ranging species that require collaboration across international borders.
4.  Develop a small grants program to safeguard globally threatened species in the eastern Himalayas 4.1  Support targeted, high-impact projects to conserve Critically Endangered and endemic species.
4.2  Support action-oriented research to enable or improve the conservation of priority species outcomes.
4.3  Implement a monitoring program for priority species outcomes.
4.4  Support conservation assessments of lesser-known taxonomic groups (plants, invertebrates, fish) for inclusion into the IUCN Red List.

Tab 4

Maps
Himalaya and Indo-Burma Biodiversity Hotspots

 


More Maps

 

 

Conservation Outcomes and Priority Areas for CEPF Investment. Map (PDF, 2.8 MB)

Tab 5

Documents
Core Documents
  • Five Year Assessment, July 2011
    English (PDF - 635 KB)

  • Ecosystem Profile, February 2005
    English (PDF - 3.6 MB)

  • Brochure
    English (PDF - 694 KB)

  • Fact Sheet, September 2007
    English (PDF - 54 KB)

GEF FOCAL POINT ENDORSEMENTS
Document: English (PDF - 1.1 MB)


Monitoring & Evaluation

  • Project Final Reports
    Reports compiled by project leaders detailing final results and lessons learned
    View reports


newsletter

Eastern Himalayas Bulletin

  • Issue 11, December 2009, English (PDF - 488 KB)
  • Issue 10, September 2009, English (PDF - 390 KB)
  • Issue 9, June 2009, English (PDF - 416 KB)
  • Issue 8, March 2009, English (PDF - 332 KB)
  • Issue 7, December 2008, English (PDF - 279 KB)
  • Issue 6, August 2008, English (PDF - 318 KB)
  • Issue 5, May 2008, English (PDF - 399 KB)
  • Issue 4, February 2008, English (PDF - 447 KB)
  • Issue 3, October 2007, English (PDF - 433 KB)
  • Issue 2, July 2007, English (PDF - 1.08 MB)
  • Issue 1, April 2007, English (PDF - 219 KB)
Regional Resources
See Also
Five Year Assessment, July 2011
English (PDF - 635 KB)

Grants: Learn which regions are open for applications and how to apply

Photos: Tiger resting in tall grass, India © Mitsuaki Iwago/Minden Pictures; Collecting plant specimens during expedition in Nepal © Ethnobotanical Society of Nepal