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Tab 1

Overview

Philippines landscapeCEPF is no longer active in this region.

The Philippines biodiversity hotspot includes more than 7,000 islands, with larger islands holding more unique species than most countries and even small islands supporting greater natural wealth than the biologically richest countries in Europe.

The primary threat to biodiversity in this hotspot is habitat alteration and loss caused by destructive resource use, development-related activities and human population pressure. These include mining and logging and land conversion for industrial, agricultural and urban development. The forests here have been reduced to only 3 percent of their original extent.

Our investment focuses on three of the highest priority areas for conservation: the Eastern Mindanao, Palawan and Sierra Madre biodiversity conservation corridors. These three areas collectively shelter 70 percent of the Philippines’ biological resources, including the largest tracts of remaining forest in the country and a diverse range of habitat types.

One of the largest remaining blocks of dipterocarp forest is found along the eastern portion of Mindanao, while the entire area of Palawan -- the fifth-largest island in the Philippine archipelago – has been declared a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO.

The Sierra Madre Corridor is largely defined by the Sierra Madre mountain range, known as the “backbone of Luzon.” It is not only rich in species diversity and endemism, but also home to many indigenous peoples.​

Tab 2

Strategy

Philippine eagleOur investment in the Philippines Hotspot began in December 2001 based on an ecosystem profile developed for this region with stakeholders.

The five-year investment program focused on building alliances and civil society capacity essential for the success of conservation across wide geographic areas known as biodiversity conservation corridors.

A majority of resources supported this strategic approach in the Eastern Mindanao, Palawan and Sierra Madre corridors, where 70 percent of the hotspot's biological resources are concentrated.

We also supported a hotspot-wide fund for recovery of Critically Endangered species outside of the major remaining forest landscapes, where funding had been difficult to access. This part of our program focused on the West Visayas (particularly Negros, Panay and Cebu), Lake Lanao in central Mindanao and the remaining lowland forests of Mindoro and the Sulus.

Four strategic directions guided our approach:

  1. Improve linkage between conservation investments to multiply and scale up benefits on a corridor scale in Sierra Madre, Eastern Mindanao and Palawan.
  2. Build civil society's awareness of the myriad benefits of conserving corridors of biodiversity.
  3. Build capacity of civil society to advocate for better corridor and protected area management and against development harmful to conservation.
  4. Establish an emergency response mechanism to help save Critically Endangered species.

In 2007, we completed an assessment of our $7 million investment. Major results that we helped make possible include expanding the protected area network, catalyzing policy action to strengthen natural resource management at the local and national levels, and supporting new and strengthening existing institutions to enhance good governance and transparency in decisionmaking involving natural resources.

Tab 3

Priorities
CEPF STRATEGIC DIRECTIONS CEPF INVESTMENT PRIORITIES
1.  Improve linkage between conservation investments to multiply and scale up benefits on a corridor scale in Sierra Madre, Eastern Mindanao and Palawan 1.1  Encourage corridor-level natural-resource conservation efforts led by civil society
1.2  Support building of alliances between civil society groups and projects favoring corridor-level conservation
1.3  Support corridor-wide mapping and tracking of conservation investments
1.4  Strengthen communication and information sharing advantageous to corridor conservation
2.  Build civil society's awareness of the myriad benefits of conserving corridors of biodiversity 2.1  Build civil society's understanding of the rationale and mechanisms for achieving corridor-level conservation of biodiversity
2.2  Support initiatives that demonstrate or document benefits of corridor-level conservation
2.3  Build capacity of civil society to assess costs and benefits of options for natural resource use
3.  Build capacity of civil society to advocate for better corridor and protected area management and against development harmful to conservation 3.1  Facilitate sharing of lessons learned from conservation efforts within each corridor
3.2  Build, through civil society, the capacity of local government to properly manage protected areas
3.3  Support civil society in efforts to influence or mitigate development that will negatively affect biodiversity
3.4  Build capacity of civil society to participate in development and implementation of management plans for protected areas
3.5  Support civil society in promoting new protected areas within selected corridors
3.6  Support initiatives to increase civil society's understanding of laws affecting corridor-level conservation
3.7  Build capacity of civil society to monitor, document, and report the impact of extractive industries
3.8  Build capacity of civil society to monitor natural resource use and conservation.
3.9  Support civil society initiatives which improve effectiveness of the Wildlife Act
3.10  Support initiatives to evaluate and improve existing policies and laws affecting biodiversity conservation
4.  Establish an emergency response mechanism to help save Critically Endangered species 4.1  Support projects that help conserve the habitat of Critically Endangered species or mitigate threats to their survival
4.2  Support activities to highlight the extinction crisis in the Philippines and enlist civil society in species conservation

 

Tab 4

Maps
Philippines Biodiversity Hotspot

 

 


Forest Cover and Change data on CI's Learning Network: Philippines c.1990-c.2000 (WinZip File - 22 MB)

 


More Maps

 

Key Biodiversity Areas and CEPF Investments in the Philippines (PDF - 1.3 MB)

Tab 5

Documents
Core Documents
  • Ecosystem Profile, December 2001
    English (PDF - 1.7 MB)

Monitoring & Evaluation

  • Assessing Five Years of CEPF Investment in the Philippines Biodiversity Hotspot, March 2007
    English (PDF - 1.3 MB)

  • CEPF and Poverty Reduction: A Review of the Philippines CEPF Portfolio, February 2006
    English (PDF - 342 KB)

  • Portfolio Overview, as of June 2005
    English (PDF - 273 KB)
    - Full related briefing book
    English (PDF - 7.7 MB)

  • Project Final Reports
    Compiled by project leaders detailing final results and lessons learned
    View reports

​​
Fast Facts

Status: Closed

Initial investment:

  • $7 million
  • 2002-2007
  • 59 grants​

Regional Resources
Ecosystem profile, December 2001




Document: Assessing Five Years of CEPF Investment in the Philippines Biodiversity Hotspot, March 2007
English (PDF - 1.3 MB)


Document: GEF Focal Point Endorsement
English (PDF - 523 KB)

Grants: Learn which regions are open for applications and how to apply.