Information about the Philippines Biodiversity Hotspot was developed using the ecosystem profile (PDF - 1.7 MB) and the book Hotspots Revisited, which cites:

Alcala, A.C. & W.C. Brown. 1998. Philippine Amphibians. Manila: Bookmark, Inc.

Ashton, P.S. 1997. Before the memory fades: Some notes on the indigenous forests of the Philippines. Sandakania 9:1-190.

Birdlife International. 2003. Saving Asia's Threatened Birds: A Guide for Government and Civil Society. Cambridge: Birdlife International.

Brown, R.M., Diesmos, A.C. & Alcala, A.C. 2001. The state of Philippine herpetology and the challenges for the next decade. Silliman Journal 42:18-87.

Carpenter, K.E. & Niem, V.E. 1999. Species Identification Guide for Fisheries Purposes: The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. 6 Vols. Rome: FAO.

Collar, N.J., Mallari, N.A.D. & Tabaranza, B.R. Jr. 1999. Threatened Birds of the Philippines. Manila: Bookmark, Inc.

Curio, E. 2002. Prioritisation of Philippine Island avifaunas for conservation: A new combinatorial measure. Biological Conservation 106: 373-380.

Danielsen, F. & Treadaway, C. G. 2004. Priority conservation areas for butterflies (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera) in the Philippine Islands. Animal Conservation 7: 79-92.

Davies, J., Magsalay, P.M., Rigor, R., Mapalo, A. & Gonzales, H. 1990. A Directory of Philippines Wetlands. 2 Vols. Asian Wetland Bureau Philippines Foundation/ Haribon Foundation.

Diesmos, A. C., Gee, G.V.A., Diesmos, M.L., Brown, R.M., Widmann, P.J., & Dimalibot, J.C. 2004. Rediscovery of the Philippine forest turtle, Heosemys leytensis (Chelonia: Bataguridae), from Palawan Island, Philippines. Asiatic Herpetological Research 10: 22-27.

Dickinson, E.C., Kennedy, R.S. & Parkes, K.C. 1991. The Birds of the Philippines. Tring: British Ornithologists' Union.

Environmental Science for Social Change. 1999. Decline of Philippine Forests. Makati, Philippines: ESSC Inc. and Bookmark.

Esselstyn, J.A., Widmann, P. & Heaney, L.R. In press. The Mammals of Palawan Island, Philippines. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington

Fernando, E.S., Lagunzad, D.A., Co, L.L., Madulid, D.A., de Leon, J.L., Lapis, A.B., Pangga, I.C., Liao, L.M., Custodio, C.C., Mendoza, M., Meniado, A., Molinyawe, N.M., Zamora, P.M., Texon, G.I. & Pollisco, W.S. 2003. Framework for Philippine Plant Conservation: Strategy and Action Plan. Protected Areas and Wildlife Bureau, Department of Environment and Natural Resources.

Gaulke, M. & Curio, E. 2001. A new monitor lizard from Panay Island, Philippines (Reptilia, Sauria, Varanidae). Spixiana 24 (3): 275-286.

Gonzalez, J.C.T. 1995. State of the Art Review of Philippine Reptiles. Paper presented at the 4th Annual Wildlife Conservation Society Symposium Workshop. Diliman, Quezon City: UP Balay Kalinaw.

Gapud, V. P. 2002. Arthropods. In P.S. Ong, L.E. Afuang & R.G. Rosell-Ambal. (Eds.), Philippine Biodiversity Conservation Priorities: A Second Iteration of the National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan. pp. 25-26. Manila, Philippines: DENR, Biodiversity Conservation Program, UP Center for Integrative & Development Studies, and Conservation International.

Heaney, L.R. 1986. Biogeography of mammals in Southeast Asia: Estimates of rates of colonization, extinction and speciation. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 28: 127-165.

Heaney, L.R., Ong, P.S., Mittermeier, R.A. & Mittermeier, C.G. 1999. The Philippines. In R.A. Mittermeier, N. Myers, P. Robles Gil & C.G. Mittermeier. (Eds.), Hotspots. pp. 309-317. Mexico City: Cemex.

Heaney, L.R., Balete, D.S., Dollar, M.L., Alcala, A.C., Dans, A.T.L., Gonzales, P.C., Ingle, N.R., Lepiten, M.V., Oliver, W.L.R., Ong, P.S., Rickart, E.A., Tabaranza, B.R. Jr. and Utzurrum, R.C.B. 1998. A synopsis of the mammalian fauns of the Philippine Islands. Fieldiana Zoology n.s. 88: 1-61.

Mallari, N.A.D., Tabaranza, B.R. Jr. & Crosby, M.J. 2001. Key Conservation Sites in the Philippines. Manila: Bookmark, Inc.

Merrill, E.D. 1923-1926. An Enumeration of Philippine Flowering Plants. Vols. I-IV. Manila, Philippines: Bureau of Printing.

Ong, P. S. 2002. Current status and prospects of protected areas in the light of the Philippine biodiversity conservation priorities. In. H. M. Tsai. (Ed.), Proceedings of the Fourth Conference on the Protected Areas of East Asia: Benefits beyond Boundaries in East Asia. pp. 95-125. Taipei, Taiwan: Yangmingshan National Park.

Ong, P.S., Afuang, L.E. & Rosell-Ambal, R.G. 2002. Philippine Biodiversity Conservation Priorities: a Second Iteration of the National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan. Manila, Philippines: DENR, Biodiversity Conservation Program-UP Center for Integrative and Development Studies, & Conservation International.

Treadaway, C. G. 1995. Checklist of the butterflies of the Philippine Islands (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera). Nachr. Entomol. Ver. Apollo, Suppl. 14: 7-118.

Wikramanayake, E.D., E. Dinerstein, C. Loucks, D. Olson, J. Morrison, J. Lamoreux, M. McKnight, & P. Hedao, (Eds.), 2002. Terrestrial Ecoregions of the Indo-Pacific: A Conservation Assessment. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.