CEPF is no longer active in this region.
The Caucasus biodiversity hotspot spans 500,000 square kilometers of mountains in Eurasia between the Black and Caspian seas, including Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia, and small parts of Russia, Iran and Turkey.
Its deserts, savannas, swamp forests and arid woodlands are home to more than twice the animal diversity found in adjacent regions of Europe and Asia. The hotspot boasts 6,500 species of vascular plants, a quarter of which are found nowhere else.
The Caucasus Hotspot is also a globally significant center of cultural diversity, where a multitude of ethnic groups, languages and religions intermingle over a relatively small area. Indeed, humans have inhabited the Caucasus for millennia. Legions of rulers and government regimes have vied for control of the region and its rich natural and cultural resources. About 27 percent of the area remains as natural habitat but only about 12 percent of the original vegetation is considered pristine.
Our investment focuses on five major landscapes covering 14.2 million hectares of this biologically rich region.