Information about the Caucasus Biodiversity Hotspot was developed using the ecosystem profile (PDF - 3.5 MB), also available in Russian (PDF - 4.8), and the book Hotspots Revisited, which cites:

Abuladze, A. V. 1995. Status and Conservation Problems of Raptors in the Caucasus. Abstracts of International Conference on Holarctic Birds of Prey. Badajoz, Spain, April 17-22, 1995.

Bannicov, A.G. & Darevsky, I.C. 1997. Definition of Amphibian and Reptiles of the USSR Fauna. Prosveschenie, Moscow.

Berg, L.S. 1948. The Freshwater Fishes of the USSR and Adjacent Countries. Part 1 Nauka, Moscow & Leningrad, Russia. English translation by the National Science Foundation, Washington DC, 1962.

Birstein, V. J. 1993. Sturgeons and paddlefishes: Threatened fishes in need of conservation. Conservation Biology 7: 773-787.

Bischoff W, 2001. Übersicht der Arten und Unterarten der Familie Lacertidae. 6. Nachtrag. Die Eidechse 12 (1): 17-25.

Bukhnikashvili, A. & Kandaurov, A. 1998. Threatened and insufficiently studied species (Insectivora, Rodentia). 'Bersuma', Tbilisi: 91.

Darevsky, I. S., 1967. Skal'nye jashchericy Kavkaza (Rock Lizards of the Caucasus). Leningrad, Nauka (in Russian).

Dolukhanov, A.G. 1966. Vegetation cover. In I.P. Gerasimov. The Caucasus. Nauka, Moscow.

Frimodt, C. 1995. Multilingual Illustrated Guide to the World's Commercial Coldwater Fish. Fishing News Books. Oxford, England: Osney Mead.

Gagnidze, R., Gviniashuili, T., Shetekauri, S., & Margalitadze, N. 2002. Endemic genera of the caucasus flora. Feddes Repertorium 113 (7-8): 616-630.

Georgian Biodiversity Country Study Report. 1996. (Manuscr.). Georgian Biodiversity Study Program. Tbilisi: UNEP, Georgian Ministry of Environment and Nature Resources Protection, NACRES.

Gromov, I. M. & Baranova, G.I. 1981. The Catalogue of Mammals of USSR. Nauka, Leningrad.

Hardisty, M.W., 1986. A general introduction to lampreys. In J. Holcík. (Ed.), The Freshwater fishes of Europe. Vol. 1, Part 1. pp. 19-84. Petromyzontiformes.

Heptner, W.G., Sludsky, A.A., Komarov, A. & Komorov, N. 1992. Mammals of the Soviet Union. Carnivora, Part 2: Predators (Hyenas and Cats). Leiden, The Netherlands & Kinderhook, New York, Brill Academic Publishers.

Ivanov A. I. 1976. The Catalogue of Birds of the USSR. Nauka, Leningrad.

Lebedev U.D. & Shpanowskaya, U.D. 1969. Fishes of the USSR. Misl, Moscow.

Murphy, R.W., Darevsky, I.S., MacCulloch, R.D., Fu, J. & Kupriyanova, L.A., 1996. Evolution of the bisexual species of Caucasian rock lizards: A phylogenetic evaluation of allozyme data. Russian J. Herpetol. 3: 18-31.

Murphy, R.W., Fu, J., MacCulloch, R.D., Darevsky, I.S. & Kupriyanova, L.A., 2000. A Fine line between sex and unisexuality: The phylogenetic constraints on parthenogenesis in lacertid lizards. Zool. J. Linn. Soc. 130: 527-549.

Sokhadze, E.V. 1982. Limestone and Vegetation. Metsniereba, Tbilisi.

Tarkhnishvili, D.N. & Gokhelashvili, R.K. 1999. The amphibians of the Caucasus. Advances in Amphibian Research in the Former Soviet Union 5: 1-200.

Tarkhnishvili, D.N., Thorpe, R.S. & Arntzen, J.W., 2000. Pre-pleistocene refugia and differentiation between populations of the Caucasian salamander (Mertensiella caucasica). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution14: 414-422.

Weinberg, P.I. 1997. Information about Present Situation of the Mountain Goats in the CIS Territory. Abstracts from the International Conference - Rare Species of the Mammals in Russia and Adjoining Territories. April 9-11, 1997. Moscow.

WWF International. 1997. 100 European Forests We Should Protect Now (Map). WCMC.

WWF Technical Reports of Project. 2002-2004. Leopard Conservation in the Caucasus Ecoregion. Prepared by Victor Lukarevski. Archive of WWF Caucasus Programme Office.

Zazanashvili, N., Sanadiradze, G. & Bukhnikashvili, A. 1999. Caucasus. In R.A. Mittermeier, N. Myers & C. Goettsch Mittermeier. (Eds.), Hotspots – Earth's Biologically Richest and Most Endangered Terrestrial Ecoregions. Mexico City: CEMEX and Conservation International.