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Tab 1

Overview

CEPF is active in this region.

The Mediterranean Basin biodiversity hotspot is the second largest hotspot in the world and the largest of the world’s five Mediterranean-climate regions. The hotspot covers more than 2 million square kilometers and stretches west to east from Portugal to Jordan and north to south from northern Italy to Cape Verde.

It is the third richest hotspot in the world in terms of its plant diversity (Mittermeier et al. 2004). Approximately 30,000 plant species occur, and more than 13,000 species are found nowhere else, or endemic, to the hot​​spot; yet, many more are being discovered every year (Plantlife International 2010, unpublished report).

Rivaling the natural diversity in the hotspot, the cultural, linguistic and socioeconomic diversity of the region is spectacular. The region contains some of the world’s first and greatest civilizations, the world’s oldest sovereign state and its first constitutional republic with San Marino dating back to 301 A.D.

Many of the ecosystems reached an equilibrium long ago with human activity dominating the landscapes. However, this delicate balance is in a precarious state as many local communities depend on remaining habitats for fresh water, food and a variety of other ecosystem services. CEPF investment in the Mediterranean Basin Hotspot is essential to stem the threats, balance economic development with the needs of natural areas, and conserve biodiversity and ecosystem services in this vast region.

CEPF’s niche will be to work with all actors engaged in conservation and development activities in Mediterranean Basin countries to foster partnerships in priority corridors and sites. Such partnerships will seek to reduce impacts of these developments on natural resources and systems that the large communities are dependent on. In addition, opportunities to increase the benefits and reduce upland shifts in land use by the communities within these landscapes will be explored. ​​​​​​​​​​​


VIDEO: Interview with Mohammed Yousef, Mediterranean Basin Hotspot Regional Implementation Team Leader, BirdLife International
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Tab 2

Strategy

The Mediterranean Basin is one of the biological wonders of the world.  This hotspot is also one of the most popular tourism destinations of the world, with 32 percent of the world’s tourists (220 million per year) visiting the hotspot (Plan Bleu 2006). Species populations in the hotspot have become increasingly fragmented and isolated as a result of infrastructural development mainly triggered by the tourism industry. The pressure on scarce water resources resulting from major water investments as well as climate change has recently become the most important pressure on nature. The increasing number and magnitude of water investments has caused irreversible damage to the fragile water cycle of small rivers basins in the hotspot.

Currently, few funding organizations support civil society to play a vital role in the conservation of priority key biodiversity areas and the water basins where these areas are located. Most key biodiversity areas are inhabited by large numbers of people that closely rely on water and other natural resources in these areas. Therefore, civil society in the hotspot, in its own right, is crucially positioned to conserve and sustain biodiversity. Furthermore, civil society organizations can effectively stimulate partnership between the governments and the corporate sector toward conservation of biodiversity.

CEPF investments will focus on six biodiversity conservation corridors with 50 of the highest-priority key biodiversity areas. The remaining 218 key biodiversity areas in these six priority corridors will benefit from landscape-level interventions as they are critical for maintaining the integrity of ecosystem processes and services. In addition a further 20 key biodiversity areas represent highly irreplaceable and vulnerable sites in five other corridors will be the focus of site-level investments. A number of these sites also contain some of the last remaining pristine coastline in the Mediterranean Basin. In total, 15 countries will benefit from the investment.  

Four strategic directions will guide our approach, which is based on an ecosystem profile that was developed with stakeholders in the region:

1. Promote civil society involvement in Integrated Coastal Zone Management to minimize
    the negative effects of coastal development in three priority corridors (Southwest
    Balkans, Cyrenaican Peninsula, and Mountains, Plateaus and Wetlands of Algerian
    Tell and Tunisia), and in 20 coastal and marine priority key biodiversity areas in other
    corridors.
2. Establish the sustainable management of water catchments and the wise use of
    water resources with a focus on the priority corridors of the (1) Atlas Mountains, (2)
    Taurus Mountains, (3) Orontes Valley and Lebanon Mountains and (4) Southwest
    Balkans
3. Improve the conservation and protection status of 44 priority key biodiversity areas
4. Provide strategic leadership and effective coordination of CEPF investment through a
    regional implementation team

Tab 3

Priorities
CEPF STRATEGIC DIRECTIONS CEPF INVESTMENT PRIORITIES
1. Promote civil society involvement in Integrated Coastal Zone Management to minimize the negative effects of coastal development in three priority corridors (Southwest Balkans, Cyrenaican Peninsula, and Mountains, Plateaus and Wetlands of Algerian Tell and Tunisia), and in 20 coastal and marine priority key biodiversity areas in other corridors 1.1 Support civil society involvement in the development and implementation of Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) and the advancement of best practices in integrating nature conservation with the tourism sector

1.2 Raise awareness and influence the choices of the European tourist market and tourism businesses in favor of tourism practices appropriate for nature

1.3 Support local stakeholders to advance and benefit from nature-based tourism through the diversification of tourism-related activities and generation of alternative livelihoods

2. Establish the sustainable management of water catchments and the wise use of water resources with a focus on the priority corridors of the (1) Atlas Mountains, (2) Taurus Mountains, (3) Orontes Valley and Lebanon Mountains and (4) Southwest Balkans 2.1. Contribute to and establish Integrated River Basin Management (IRBM) initiatives for pilot basins and replicate best practices to reduce the negative impacts of insufficiently planned water infrastructures

2.2. Support IRBM policy and legislation development and implementation through capacity building and advocacy at all appropriate levels

2.3. Support innovative financing mechanisms for conserving and restoring freshwater ecosystems and traditional water catchments

2.4. Facilitate and support adaptation to climate change via improving water use efficiency in agricultural landscapes and allowing environmental flows for key biodiversity areas

2.5 Share and replicate the lessons learned and best practices from and with other river basin management experiences elsewhere in the Mediterranean

3. Improve the conservation and protection status of 44 priority key biodiversity areas 3.1. Establish new protected areas and promote improved management of existing protected areas by developing and implementing sustainable management plans

3.2. Develop financial mechanisms that support protected areas while enhancing sustainable livelihood and promoting community management of priority key biodiversity areas

3.3. Raise awareness of the importance of priority key biodiversity areas, including those that have irreplaceable plant and marine biodiversity

4. Provide strategic leadership and effective coordination of CEPF investment through a regional implementation team 4.1. Build a broad constituency of civil society groups working across institutional and political boundaries toward achieving the shared conservation goals described in the ecosystem.

4.2. Act as a liaison unit for relevant networks throughout the Mediterranean to harmonize investments and direct new funding to priority issues and sites.


Tab 4

Maps
Map of the Mediterranean Basin Hotspot

Map of the Mediterranean Basin Hotspot


Map of Key Biodiversity Areas in the Mediterranean Basin Hotspot


Key Biodiversity Areas in the Mediterranean Basin Hotspot


Priority Key Biodiversity Areas for CEPF Investment – Southwest Balkans

Priority Key Biodiversity Areas for CEPF Investment – Southwest Balkans 


Priority Key Biodiversity Areas for CEPF Investment – Eastern Adriatic

Priority Key Biodiversity Areas for CEPF Investment – Eastern Adriatic 


Priority Key Biodiversity Areas for CEPF Investment – The Taurus Mountains

Priority Key Biodiversity Areas for CEPF Investment – The Taurus Mountains 


Priority Key Biodiversity Areas for CEPF Investment – Orontes Valley and Lebanon Mountains

Priority Key Biodiversity Areas for CEPF Investment – Orontes Valley and Lebanon Mountains 


Priority Key Biodiversity Areas for CEPF Investment – Cyrenaican Peninsula

Priority Key Biodiversity Areas for CEPF Investment – Cyrenaican Peninsula 


Priority Key Biodiversity Areas for CEPF Investment – The Atlas Mountains

Priority Key Biodiversity Areas for CEPF Investment – The Atlas Mountains 


Priority Key Biodiversity Areas for CEPF Investment – Mountains, Plateaus and Wetlands of Algerian Tell and Tunisia

Priority Key Biodiversity Areas for CEPF Investment – Mountains, Plateaus and Wetlands of Algerian Tell and Tunisia 


Priority Key Biodiversity Areas for CEPF Investment – Marmara Sea Basin

Priority Key Biodiversity Areas for CEPF Investment – Marmara Sea Basin 


Priority Key Biodiversity Areas for CEPF Investment – Northern Mesopotamia

Priority Key Biodiversity Areas for CEPF Investment – Northern Mesopotamia 


Priority Key Biodiversity Areas for CEPF Investment – South Syria and Northern Jordan

Priority Key Biodiversity Areas for CEPF Investment – South Syria and Northern Jordan 


Priority Key Biodiversity Areas for CEPF Investment – Nile Delta Coast

Priority Key Biodiversity Areas for CEPF Investment – Nile Delta Coast 


Priority Key Biodiversity Areas for CEPF Investment – Wetlands of Tunisia and Libya

Priority Key Biodiversity Areas for CEPF Investment – Wetlands of Tunisia and Libya 


Priority Key Biodiversity Areas for CEPF Investment – Oranie and Molouya

Priority Key Biodiversity Areas for CEPF Investment – Oranie and Molouya 


Priority Key Biodiversity Areas for CEPF Investment – Coastal Atlantic Plains

Priority Key Biodiversity Areas for CEPF Investment – Coastal Atlantic Plains 


Priority Key Biodiversity Areas for CEPF Investment – Cape Verde

Priority Key Biodiversity Areas for CEPF Investment – Cape Verde

Tab 5

Documents
Core Documents

 

Monitoring & Evaluation

  • Annual Portfolio Overview, Mediterranean Hotspot, 2013
    English​ (PDF - 1.1 MB)

  • Project Final Reports
    Reports compiled by project leaders detailing final results and lessons learned
    View reports

Newsletters

MED RIT Radar
  • June 2014, Issue 6
    English​ (PDF - 2.5 MB)

  • March 2014, Issue 5
    English (PDF - 486 KB)

  • November 2013, Issue 4
    English​ (PDF - 4.4 MB)

  • August 2013, Issue 3
    English (PDF - 3.8 MB)

  • July 2013, Issue 2
    English (PDF - 4.6 MB)

  • June 2013, Issue 1
    English (PDF - 600 KB)

Land of Eagles and Castles Project Newsletter, Protection and Preservation of Natural Environment in Albania

  • January 2014, No. 1
    English (PDF - 1.1 MB)
Wings & WavesSociety for the Protection of Nature in Lebanon​ Global Diversity Foundation Update, GDF
IUCN ​Mediterranean Flashnews
IUCN South-Eastern European e-Bulletin
​​

Other Publications

Hotspot Conservation, World Birdwatch, BirdLife International, March 2014
- English (PDF - 294 KB)​

Naša Neretva, Siječanj - Lipanj 2013
Croatian (PDF - 1.91 MB)​​​​​

Fast Facts

​Status: Active

Initial investment: 
  • $10 million
  • 2011-2016​
Recent Newsletters
​​MED RIT Radar
Regional Resources
​​- Ecosystem Profile, 2010

Mediterranean Summary Booklet
- English (PDF - 3 MB)
- French (PDF - 3 MB)
- Arabic (PDF - 1.3 MB)​

Eligible Countries:
Albania
Algeria
Bosnia & Herzegovina
Cape Verde
Jordan
Lebanon
Libya
Macedonia
Montenegro
Morocco
Tunisia

​As a result of the civil conflict, CEPF is currently unable to issue grants in Syria.​​
Photo: Mediterranean Basin, ©François Abbott/npl/MindenPictures; Monk seal (Monachus monachus), ©Orkun Kirac