CEPF
Protecting Nature's Hotspots for people and prosperity

Atlantic Forest

Tab 1

Overview
Bromeliads growing along stream, Atlantic Forest

CEPF is no longer active in this region.

The Atlantic Forest of South America is among the world’s most threatened biodiversity hotspots. Once stretching more than 1.2 million square kilometers across Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay, the forest retains only 8 percent of its original extent and much of it is found in only tiny and isolated fragments.

Despite this, the Atlantic Forest still maintains extraordinary levels of biological wealth. It’s also home to approximately 70 percent of Brazil’s 176 million people.

Our support focuses on the Central and Serra do Mar biodiversity conservation corridors in Brazil. These two corridors are distinguished centers of unique species and were identified as top conservation priorities by the Ecological Corridors Project developed by the Brazil Ministry of Environment’s International Pilot Program to Conserve the Brazilian Rain Forests (PPG-7).

The Central Corridor, which covers approximately 12 million hectares across the state of Espírito Santo and southern Bahia, holds one of the world records for woody plant diversity with up to 458 tree species found in a single hectare of forest in southern Bahia. This is roughly equivalent to one quarter of all plant species in Great Britain.

The Serra do Mar Corridor, which includes 12.6 million hectares from Rio de Janeiro to Paraná, contains the largest remaining block of Atlantic Forest, formed by slopes and mountain tops typical of the Serra do Mar and Serra da Mantiqueira, and adjacent flat lowlands. ​

Tab 2

Strategy

Our investment in the Atlantic Forest biodiversity hotspot began in December 2001. We focused on supporting landscape management systems, expanding and supporting protected areas, and promoting scientific knowledge of threatened species to support new conservation strategies.

Guided by an ecosystem profile developed for this region, we sought to promote synergies in investments and conservation actions by targeting innovative public/private partnerships — moving away from supporting isolated initiatives to help build long-term strategies in the Central and Serra do Mar biodiversity conservation corridors. Four strategic directions guided our approach:

  1. Stimulate landscape management initiatives led by civil society in the Central and Serra do Mar corridors.
  2. Improve management of existing and future public protected areas through targeted civil society efforts.
  3. Increase the number of private protected areas through civil society efforts.
  4. Create an Action Fund to improve civil society identification and management of critical areas of habitat.

In 2008, we began implementing a fifth strategic direction to reinforce and sustain the gains made possible by our initial $8 million investment. This new strategic direction includes $2.4 million in grants to selected organizations based on a consolidation plan drawing from the ecosystem profile and an assessment of our previous investment.

Tab 3

Priorities
CEPF STRATEGIC DIRECTIONS CEPF INVESTMENT PRIORITIES
1. Stimulate landscape management initiatives led by civil society in Central and Serra do Mar Corridors 1.1  Support civil society initiatives that evaluate spatial relationships in land use, local biodiversity, and the dynamics of fragments within a corridor context.
1.2  Support projects led by civil society that focus on low-impact land use, such as ecotourism.
1.3  Promote economic incentives that contribute to conservation.
1.4  Support efforts to disseminate and increase technical knowledge of innovative tools for reforestation through civil society and recuperation of degraded areas.
1.5  Compile and analyze biodiversity knowledge within and between forest fragments for conservation planning and management of biodiversity corridors.
1.6  Support civil society efforts to establish management strategies for endemic, endangered, and critically endangered species.
1.7  Support efforts to build institutional capacity of civil society.
1.8  Strengthen public awareness of biodiversity issues from a civil society perspective.
2. Improve management of existing and future public protected areas through targeted civil society efforts 2.1  Support activities led by civil society participants that increase viability, connectivity and forest cover in buffer zones of protected areas.
2.2  Compile and analyze biodiversity knowledge in protected areas for conservation planning and management.
2.3  Support efforts to establish management strategies for endangered and critically endangered species in protected areas.
3. Increase the number of private protected areas through civil society efforts 3.1  Stimulate the creation and implementation of RPPNs in the two biodiversity corridors.
3.2  Together with the SOS Mata Atlântica Foundation and FUNBIO, catalyze and operationalize an “Action Plan and Alliance” to support management and administration of RPPNs.
4. Create an Action Fund to improve civil society identification and management of critical habitats 4.1  Create action fund to build the capacity of NGOs, grassroots initiatives, community outreach, and other small-scale efforts to improve management of critical habitats.
4.2  Provide small-scale support for projects and interventions in habitat of endangered and critically endangered species outside the two biodiversity corridors
5. Reinforce and sustain the conservation gains achieved as a result of the initial 5-year CEPF investment in this region

5.1  Capacity building for local institutions in the biodiversity corridors
5.2  Improve the management effectiveness of protected areas

Tab 4

Maps
Atlantic Forest Biodiversity Hotspot

 

Tab 5

Documents
Core Documents
  • Consolidation Program, June 2008
    English (PDF - 129 KB)
    Logical  Framework (PDF - 86 KB)

  • Ecosystem Profile, December 2001
    English (PDF - 1.6 MB) | Português (PDF - 1.2 MB)

  • Fundo de Parceria Para Ecossistemas Críticos: CEPF na Mata Atlântica
    Português (PDF - 3.80 MB)

Monitoring & Evaluation

  • CEPF Investment in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest from 2001-2011 and Its Contribution to Long-Term Conservation of the Biodiversity Hotspot
    English (PDF - 1.3 MB)

  • Annual Portfolio Overview, August 2010
    English (PDF - 130 KB)

  • Annual Portfolio Overivew Atlantic Forest Hotspot (Brazil), November 2009
    English (PDF - 117 KB)

  • Assessing Five Years of CEPF Investment in the Atlantic Forest Biodiversity Hotspot, March 2007
    English (PDF - 607 KB) | Português (PDF - 891 KB)

  • CEPF and Poverty Reduction: A Review of the Atlantic Forest CEPF Portfolio, November 2005
    English (PDF - 552 KB)

  • Portfolio Overview, as of January 2005
    English (PDF - 171 KB)
    - Full related briefing book
    English (PDF - 3.9 MB)

  • Project Final Reports
    Reports compiled by project leaders detailing final results and lessons learned
    View reports

Newsletters Other Publications
  • Adequação a Legislação e Educação Ambiental para o desenvolvimento da sustentabilidade em assentamentos de reforma agrária
    Português (PDF - 2.4 MB)

  • Espécies da Fauna Ameaçadas de Extinção no Estado do Espírito Santo Vitória: IPEMA, 2007. Nº de páginas: 140
    Português (PDF - 4.4 MB)

  • Espécies da Flora Ameaçadas de Extinção no Estado do Espírito Santo Vitória : Ipema, 2007. N° de páginas: 146
    Português (PDF - 1 MB)

  • Fortalecimento Institucional no Corredor Central da Mata Atlântica
    Português (PDF - 2.3 MB)

  • Mata Atlântica - Biodiversidade, Ameaças e Perspectivas
    Corredores Biodiversidade da Mata Atlântica

  • Meu Pé de Mata Atlântica: Experiências de recomposição florestal em propriedades particulares no Corredor Central. Data: 2007, nº páginas: 188
    Português (PDF - 5.65 MB)

  • Minha Terra Protegida: histórias das RPPNs da Mata Atlântica
    Fundação SOS Mata Atlântica, Conservação Internacional
    Português (PDF - 5.4 MB)

  • O Corredor Central da Mata Atlântica
    Uma nova escala de conservação da biodiversidade. Data: 2006
    Português (PDF - 6.21 KB)

  • Potencial para a implantação de Políticas de Incentivo às RPPNs
    Conservação Internacional, Fundação SOS Mata Atlântica e the Nature Conservancy
    Português (PDF - 4.86 MB)

  • Prioridades para Investimento do Fundo para Áreas Protegidas da Mata Atlântica,
  • Fundação SOS Mata Atlântica, Conservação Internacional (CI-Brasil) e The Nature Conservancy, Janeiro de 2009
    Português (PDF - 5 MB)

  • Programa de Fortalecimento Institucional no Corredor Central da Mata Atlântica Relatório final. Data: 2007, nº de páginas: 32
    Português (PDF - 2.28 MB)

  • Programa de Proteção às Espécies Ameaçadas de Extinção da Mata Atlântica Brasileira - PEA
    Português (PDF - 4.26 MB)

  • RPPN Mata Atlântica
    Potencial para implantação de políticas de incentivo às RPPNs. Data: 2007, n º páginas 84
    Português (PDF - 4.83 MB)

  • RPPN Mata Atlântica
    RPPN e Biodiversidade: O papel das reservas particulares na proteção da biodiversidade da mata atlântica. Conservação Internacional, Fundação SOS Mata Atlântica, The Nature Conservancy (TNC). 2010
    Português (PDF - 1.7 MB)

  • Vegetação, Uso e Cobertura do Solo
    Português (PDF - 2.4 MB)

  • Vida silvestre: o estreito limiar entre preservação e destruição
    Português (PDF - 1.45 MB)

Tab 6

 
 
 
 
 

Fast Facts

​Status: Closed

Initial investment: 
  • $8 million
  • 2002-2007
  • 46 grants
Consolidation:
  • $2.4 million
  • 2008-2011
  • 27 grants
Regional Resources
Consolidation program, June 2008

Ecosystem profile, December 2001

Featured Stories


See Also
Document: CEPF Investment in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest from 2001‐2011 and Its Contribution to Long‐Term
Conservation of the Biodiversity Hotspot
- English​ (PDF - ​1.3MB)

Document: Annual Portfolio Overview of the Atlantic Forest Biodiversity Hotspot, August 2010
English (PDF - 130 KB)

Document: Atlantic Forest Biodiversity Hotspot Program for Consolidation
English (PDF - 129 KB)

Document: Assessing Five Years of CEPF Investment in the Atlantic Forest Biodiversity Hotspot, March 2007
English (PDF - 607 KB)
Portuguese (PDF - 891 KB)

Document:  Logical Framework for Consolidation

English (PDF - 47 KB) 

Document: GEF Focal Point Endorsement
Portuguese​ (PDF - 313 KB)