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Tab 1

Overview

Rocky stream in the Cardamoms

There is ​a new call for proposals for the Indo-Burma Biodiversity Hotspot.​​

Encompassing more than 2 million square kilometers of tropical Asia, Indo-Burma is one of the most threatened of Earth’s 34 biodiversity hotspots. Only 5 percent of its natural habitat remains in relatively pristine condition.

The region is still revealing its biological treasures. Six large mammal species have been discovered in just the last two decades. Among them is saola (Pseudoryx nghetinhensis), an enigmatic forest bovid, which inhabits the Annamite mountains of Lao PDR and Vietnam, and is the flagship species for conservation in the hotspot. This hotspot holds a remarkable diversity of tortoise and freshwater turtle species, most of which are threatened with extinction due to over-harvesting and extensive habitat loss. Bird life is also diverse, with more than 1,200 different species.

The combination of economic development and increasing human population is placing unprecedented pressure on the hotspot’s natural capital. The large portion of the population living in rural areas and high levels of poverty throughout mean that natural resources, particularly those of forests, freshwater wetlands and coastal habitats, form a critical component of livelihood strategies for many of the hotspot’s inhabitants. Consequently, poverty alleviation and biodiversity conservation are inextricably linked.

Our support focuses on Cambodia, Lao P.D.R., Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam, as well as parts of southern China. Investments are targeted at five priority geographies: the Sino-Vietnamese Limestone, Mekong River and Major Tributaries, Tonle Sap Lake and Inundation Zone, and Hainan Mountains biodiversity conservation corridors, plus Myanmar.​​​​​

VIDEO: CEPF funds an IUCN survey of fish in the Mekong River​​​​​​​​

Tab 2

Strategy

Sarus crane

We have been making grants to civil society groups in the Indo-Burma Hotspot since July 2008, guided by an ecosystem profile developed through a consultative process conducted in 2003. Over the first five-year investment phase, we invested a total of $9.5 million in the hotspot.

Recognizing the changes that had occurred since the original ecosystem profile was prepared, particularly with regard to the nature and scale of threats to biodiversity, the operational space available for civil society, and patterns of conservation investment, we updated the ecosystem profile in 2011, in collaboration with the MacArthur Foundation, the Margaret A. Cargill Foundation and the McKnight Foundation.

The updated ecosystem profile sets out a five-year investment strategy for a second phase of investment, focusing on the Sino-Vietnamese Limestone, Mekong River and Major Tributaries, Tonle Sap Lake and Inundation Zone, and Hainan Mountains biodiversity conservation corridors, plus Myanmar.

The Sino-Vietnamese Limestone corridor, spanning China and Vietnam, is particularly important for the conservation of primates. It is also of global importance for plant conservation, supporting many unique species and the hotspot’s richest assemblages of conifer species. The Mekong River and Major Tributaries corridor stretches across Cambodia, Lao P.D.R. and Thailand and represents some of the best examples of lowland riverine ecosystems remaining in the hotspot. The Tonle Sap Lake and Inundation Zone corridor provides critical breeding, spawning and feeding habitats for many species of migratory fish, including several globally threatened species. The Hainan Mountains corridor supports high levels of endemism, particularly in plants, and is one of the most threatened parts of the hotspot, due to rapidly intensifying development threats.

Seventy-four key biodiversity areas within these corridors are priorities for investment. One hundred and four globally threatened animal species and 48 globally threatened plant species are also priorities.

Our updated investment strategy includes the following five strategic directions. To be eligible for funding, each project must be linked to a strategic direction:

  • Safeguard priority globally threatened species by mitigating major threats.
  • Demonstrate innovative responses to illegal trafficking and consumption of wildlife.
  • Empower local communities to engage in conservation and management of priority key biodiversity areas.
  • Engage key actors in mainstreaming biodiversity, communities and livelihoods into development planning in the priority corridors.
  • Strengthen the capacity of civil society to work on biodiversity, communities and livelihoods at regional, national, local and grassroots levels.

A sixth strategic direction is designed for the regional implementation team to provide leadership and effective coordination of CEPF investment.​​​​

Tab 3

Priorities
CEPF STRATEGIC DIRECTIONS CEPF INVESTMENT PRIORITIES
1. Safeguard priority globally threatened species by mitigating major threats 1.1 Transform pilot interventions for core populations of priority species into long-term conservation programs
1.2 Develop best-practice approaches for conservation of highly threatened and endemic freshwater species
1.3 Conduct research on globally threatened species for which there is a need for greatly improved information on status and distribution
1.4 Support existing funds to become effective tools for the conservation of priority species in the hotspot
2. Demonstrate innovative responses to illegal trafficking and consumption of wildlife 2.1 Support enforcement agencies to unravel high-level wildlife trade networks by introducing them to global best practice with investigations and informants
2.2 Facilitate collaboration among enforcement agencies and non-traditional actors to reduce cross-border trafficking of wildlife
2.3 Work with selected private sector companies to promote the adoption of voluntary restrictions on the international transportation, sale and consumption of wildlife
2.4 Support campaigns, social marketing, hotlines and other long-term communication programs to reduce consumer demand for wildlife and build public support for wildlife law enforcement
4. Empower local communities to engage in conservation and management of priority key biodiversity areas 4.1 Raise awareness about biodiversity conservation legislation among target groups at priority sites
4.2 Pilot and amplify community forests, community fisheries and community-managed protected areas
4.3 Develop co-management mechanisms for formal protected areas that enable community participation in all levels of management
4.4 Conduct a gap analysis of key biodiversity areas in Myanmar and support expansion of the protected area network using community-based models
6. Engage key actors in mainstreaming biodiversity, communities and livelihoods into development planning in the priority corridors​ 6.1 Support civil society efforts to analyze development policies, plans and programs, evaluate their impact on biodiversity, communities and livelihoods and propose alternative development scenarios and appropriate mitigating measures where needed
6.2 Integrate the biodiversity and ecosystem service values of priority corridors into land-use and development planning at all levels
6.3 Develop protocols and demonstration projects for ecological restoration that improve the biodiversity performance of national forestry programs
6.4 Engage the media as a tool to increase awareness and inform public debate of environmental issues
8. Strengthen the capacity of civil society to work on biodiversity, communities and livelihoods at regional, national, local and grassroots levels 8.1 Support networking activities that enable collective civil society responses to priority and emerging threats
8.2 Provide core support for the organizational development of domestic civil society organizations
8.3 Establish clearing house mechanisms to match volunteers to civil society organizations’ training needs
11.Provide strategic leadership and effective coordination of conservation investment through a regional implementation team 11.1 Operationalize and coordinate CEPF’s grant-making processes and procedures to ensure effective implementation of the investment strategy throughout the hotspot
11.2 Build a broad constituency of civil society groups working across institutional and political boundaries towards achieving the shared conservation goals described in the ecosystem profile

Note: to facilitate cross-referencing, numbering of strategic directions and investment priorities in the CEPF niche (six strategic directions) follows that in the overall strategy (11 strategic directions).

Tab 4

Maps
Indo-Burma Biodiversity Hotspot

 


CEPF Priority Areas for Investment

Indo-Burma CEPF Priority Areas for Investment Map 

*As developed through the stakeholder consultation process, the Mekong River and Major Tributaries Corridor does not include the Mekong Delta Wetlands downstream from Phnom Penh. However, explicit provisions are included for supporting initiatives outside of the geographic priorities depicted here, particularly where they present opportunities to engage civil society in major sectoral projects and programs.


More Maps

Conservation Outcomes and Priority Areas for CEPF Investment.

Map (PDF - 5.8 MB)

Tab 5

Documents
Core Documents
  • Ecosystem Profile, 2011 update 
    - English (PDF - 8.4 MB) 
  • Fact Sheet, December 2008
    - English (PDF - 88 KB)
  • Summary of investment strategy, eligibility criteria and application process, August 2008
    English (PDF - 592 KB)
    - Khmer (PDF - 615 KB)
    - Vietnamese (PDF - 540 KB)


Monitoring and Evaluation

  • Final Assessment Report
    May 2014
    English​ (PDF - 1.2 MB)

  • Annual Portfolio Overview, Indo-Burma Hotspot
    November 2012
    English (PDF - 457 KB)

  • Annual Portfolio Overview, Indo-Burma Hotspot (Indochina Region)
    December 2011
    English (PDF - 427 KB)

  • Mid-term Assessment of CEPF Investment in Indo-Burma Biodiversity Hotspot. November 2010
    English (PDF - 335 KB)

  • Annual Portfolio Overview, Indo-Burma Hotspot (Indochina Region)
    September 2009
    English (PDF - 125 KB)

  • Project Final Reports
    Compiled by project leaders detailing final results and lessons learned
    View reports
 

Indo-Burma Biodiversity Hotspot RIT Selection

  • Q&As, English (PDF - 92 KB)

  • Conversation about EOIs for the new Indo-Burma RIT, English (MP3 - 8 MB)

Newsletters

The Babbler, BirdLife in Indochina

  • January-June 2014, Number 49/50
    English​ (PDF - 4.3 MB)

  • October-December 2013, Number 48
    English​ (PDF - 4.1 MB)

  • July-September 2013, Number 47
    English (PDF - 3.8 MB)
  • April-June 2013, Number 46
    English (PDF - 4.5 MB)

  • January-March 2013, Number 45
    English (PDF - 3.5 MB)

  • October-December 2012, Number 44
    English (PDF - 2.9 MB)

  • July-September 2012, Number 43
    English​ (PDF - 3.2)
  • July 2012, Number 42
    English (PDF - 3.8 MB)
  • May 2012, Number 41
    English (PDF - 3.6 MB)
  • February 2012, Number 40
    English (PDF - 3.5 MB)
  • November 2011, , Number 39
    English (PDF - 4.7 MB)
  • July 2011, Number 38
    English (PDF - 4.5 MB)
  • March 2011, Number 37
    English (PDF - 4.5 MB)
  • December 2010, Number 36
    English (PDF - 3.0 MB)
  • September 2010, Number 35
    English (PDF - 5.2 MB)
  • July 2010, Number 34
    English (PDF - 7 MB)
  • March 2010, Number 33
    English (PDF - 5.6 MB)
  • October-December 2009, Number 32
    English (PDF - 5 MB)
  • September 2009, Number 31
    English (PDF - 2.8 MB)
  • April-June 2009, Number 30
    English (PDF - 6 MB)
  • January-March 2009, Number 29
    English (PDF – 5 MB)
  • October-December 2008, Number 28
    English (PDF – 1.6 MB)
  • July–September 2008, Number 27
    English (PDF – 2.8 MB)
Asia News, IUCN

​​​​​
Other Publications

  • The Status and Distribution of Freshwater Biodiversity in Indo-Burma, by D.J. Allen, K.G. Smith, and W.R.T. Darwall (compilers)
    English - 24.3 MB

  • Resource use and livelihood change in Cambodia’s dry forests: implications for conservation, December 2012
    English (PDF - 2.5 MB)

  • An assessment of the ‘vulnerability’ of the Proposed Western Siem Pang Protected Forest to climate change, with recommendations for adaptation and monitoring, December 2012
    English​ (PDF - 2.8 MB)
​​​​​​
Call for Proposal
There is ​a new call for proposals​ for the Indo-Burma Biodiversity Hotspot.​​​
Regional Resources
- Final Assessment Report, May 2014
English​ (PDF - 1.2 MB)

- Ecosystem pr​ofile, 2011 Update, English​ (PDF - 8.4 MB)

- Ecosystem profile summary
English (PDF - 3.3 MB)
Burmese​ (PDF - 283 KB)
Khmer (PDF - 349 KB)
Lao (PDF - 218 KB)
Chinese (PDF - 681 KB)
Thai (PDF - 381 KB)
Vietnamese (PDF - 210 KB)

Recent Newsletters
The Babbler, BirdLife in Indochina, English (PDF - 4.3 MB)
Photos: Rocky stream in the Cardamoms © CI/Photo by Jake Brunner; Sarus crane © CI/Photo by Haroldo Castro