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Tab 1

Overview
Blue and yellow macaw

CEPF is profiling for the second investment in this region.​

Sometimes called the "global epicenter of biodiversity," the Tropical Andes is the biologically richest and most diverse of Earth's biodiversity hotspots. The hotspot is home to 20,000 plants found nowhere else and at least 1,500 unique terrestrial vertebrates, including a spectacular array of birds and amphibians.

The Tropical Andes Hotspot spans 1,542,644 square kilometers of South America, from western Venezuela to northern Chile and Argentina, and includes large portions of Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia.

Although a quarter of its original vegetation still remains, the region faces a variety of threats. Petroleum, mining, hydroelectric, road and other infrastructure projects, for example, are all significantly expanding their operations.

Our support focuses on the Vilcabamba-Amboró biodiversity conservation corridor—a 30-million-hectare expanse of rich biodiversity stretching from the Vilcabamba mountain range in southern Peru to Amboró National Park in central Bolivia.​

Tab 2

Strategy
Manu River, Peru

Our investment in the Tropical Andes Hotspot began in January 2001. Based on an ecosystem profile developed to guide our award of grants in this region, we focused on creating connectivity between three distinct protected area complexes to create one of the biologically richest tapestries of life.

The blueprint for the investment strategy was based on the results of workshops where government officials, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) donors and scientists agreed on key threats to be tackled and a common vision for a bi-national biological corridor known as the Vilcabamba-Amboró biodiversity conservation corridor.

Six strategic directions guided our approach:

  1. Establish effective mechanisms for transboundary coordination, collaboration, and catalytic action.
  2. Strengthen bi-national coordination of protected area systems.
  3. Encourage community-based biodiversity conservation and natural resource management.
  4. Strengthen public awareness and environmental education.
  5. Strengthen environmental and legal policy frameworks.
  6. Establish an electronic information exchange, coordinated information, and data-gathering mechanism.

CEPF enabled civil society to play a pivotal role in expanding formal protection to more than four million hectares in Manu National Park, and Alto Purus, Amarakaeri  and Apurimac reserves. With this dramatic expansion, connectivity between large tracts of undisturbed forest was realized.

In addition, 17 protected areas, covering more than 20 million hectares, benefited through a variety of management improvements. Several existing protected areas such as Bahuaja Sonene National Park, Madidi National Park and Tambopata-Candamo National Reserve, which together cover more than 3.5 million hectares, benefited from the development of management plans and establishment of co-management committees in which government officials, local communities and NGOs collaborate on management.

An important objective was to demonstrate economic benefits of conservation for people living in and around these protected areas. CEPF supported a wide variety of sustainable enterprises as alternatives to destructive logging, mining and agriculture. Particularly important were grants to the national environmental trust funds in Bolivia and Peru, each of which provided a 1:1 match, to generate a total of $2 million for such enterprises.

In June 2008, we began implementing a seventh strategic direction to reinforce and sustain the gains made possible by our $6.13 million investment. This new strategic direction includes targeted grants to organizations based on a consolidation plan drawing from the ecosystem profile and an assessment of our initial five years of investment.

Several key threats still remain and new ones are emerging, posing profound challenges for the future of biodiversity and people of the region.

For example, under the South American Infrastructure Integration Initiative, the corridor is undergoing dramatic change as petroleum, gas, mining, hydroelectric, canalization, road and other infrastructure projects expand their operations significantly. The sheer scale of these development schemes is transforming the landscape in ways that pose new and major challenges to the integrity of the corridor ecosystem.

Tab 3

Priorities
CEPF STRATEGIC DIRECTIONS CEPF INVESTMENT PRIORITIES
1.  Transboundary coordination, collaboration, and catalytic action within the corridor 1.1  A formalized coordination mechanism with one or more collaborating organizations staffed and operational by June 2001. Activities should focus on the following functions:
- coordination and establishment of strategic alliances
- act as interface between CEPF and partners
- provide repository and clearinghouse for corridor information
- conduct analysis and planning to inform conservation decisions
- develop a monitoring framework
- identify and undertake strategic actions to support a corridor conservation plan
- provide neutral forum for meetings and workshops
- manage a conservation action fund for the Corridor
1.2  Processes established and in use to ensure stakeholder involvement and buy-in amongst the various mechanisms supported by CEPF
1.3  Core bi-national working group of NGOs and government agencies supported
1.4  Small-grants mechanism established to support grass-roots initiatives, community outreach, time-sensitive research and other similar small-scale projects (A total of $200,000 to be granted over 3 years with no individual grant over $10,000)
2.  Strengthening binational coordination of protected area systems 2.1  Support provided for the realization of protected area planning workshops with participation of government agencies, local & international NGO's, grassroots groups, and indigenous groups.
2.2  National and bi-national exchanges of protected area managers funded as well as the eventual inclusion of local participants in the actual management of protected areas
3.  Community-based biodiversity conservation and natural resource management 3.1  Ethnographic analyses of traditional knowledge, attitudes and environmental practices among rural populations supported in year 1
3.2  Support provided for a series of participatory workshops in each country for communities and indigenous unions to define actions and alliances
3.3  Selected community-based projects funded for implementation beginning in year 2. Possible project types include:
- Environmental awareness
- Legal issues
- Institutional strengthening
- Business management
4.  Public awareness and environmental education 4.1  Support provided for the creation of joint communication and environmental education strategies during year 1
4.2  Development and implementation of environmental education strategies for urban areas and selected settlements supported
4.3  Support provided for the creation of environmental curricula and the teacher training programs to accompany this new curricula
4.4  Creation of informative documents to be distributed to selected politicians and decision-makers funded.
4.5  Focused communication strategy supported to include:
- environmental radio shows
- television spots
- training of local media
- video documentaries
5.  Strengthening environmental and legal policy frameworks 5.1  Support provided for the creation of bi-nationally coordinated proposals for sustainable exploitation of natural resources to be submitted to policy-makers.
5.2  Policy and economic analyses on extractive industries, transportation and tourism funded
5.3  Workshops on extractive resource management, infrastructure mitigation and tourism mitigation supported
5.4  Development of a set of environmental policy and legal recommendations supported as well as events to engage decision-makers, donors, extractive business interests and others in constructive dialogue on how to implement these recommendations
6.  Electronic information exchange and coordinated information and data-gathering mechanisms 6.1  Regional biological assessments will be funded during year 2, based on the results of the general assessments, for the creation of comprehensive lists of:
- vertebrate species
- standardized vegetation types
- associated plant species
- the highest priority areas for biodiversity conservation
6.2  Support provided for the management and periodic updating of the corridor monitoring system to include responsibilities such as:
- conducting multi-temporal analyses of land use and coverage changes
- coordinating field research for rapid change monitoring
- establishing new field studies in areas of human activity on wildlife and fisheries
6.3  A unified database organized by Hotspot - Corridor - Project - Site will be funded and access will be provided at least to all CEPF participants
6.4  The establishment of an electronic information exchange mechanism will be supported for CEPF participants and others by end of year 1 and will be maintained throughout CEPF activity.
7.  Reinforce and sustain the conservation gains achieved as a result of the initial 5-year CEPF investment in this region 7.1  Support civil society participation in development planning and implementation for the Vilcabamba-Amboró Conservation Corridor, focusing on the Inter-Oceanic and Northern Corridor highways
7.2  Support management improvements to mitigate the adverse impacts arising from improved road access in the eight most vulnerable protected areas
7.3  Support the establishment of sustainable financing mechanisms
7.4  Support productive projects that maintain forest cover in areas of strategic value for corridor-level connectivity

Tab 4

Maps
Tropical Andes Biodiversity Hotspot

 

Forest Cover and Change data on CI's Learning Network: Bolivia c.1990-c.2000-c.2005 (WinZip File - 53 MB)

 

 

Forest Cover and Change data on CI's Learning Network: Colombia c.1990-c.2000 (WinZip File - 91 MB)

 

Forest Cover and Change data on CI's Learning Network: Ecuador c.1990-c.2000 (winzip file - 24 MB)

 

Forest Cover and Change data on CI's Learning Network: peru c.1990-c.2000 (winzip - 41 MB)

 

Forest Cover and Change data on CI's Learning Network: Venezuela c.1990 - c.2000 (Winzip file - 111 MB)

 

Tab 5

Documents
Core Documents

Monitoring & Evaluation

  • Final Portfolio Overview
    September 2014
    English​ (PDF - 1.2 MB)

  • Annual Portfolio Review
    January 2011 to December 2011
    English (PDF - 357 KB)

  • Annual Portfolio Review
    January 2010 to December 2010
    English (PDF - 271 KB)

  • Annual Portfolio Review
    October 2008 to December 2009
    English (PDF - 164 KB)

  • Assessing Five Years of CEPF Investment in the Tropical Andes Biodiversity Hotspot, October 2006
    English (PDF - 748 KB)

  • CEPF and Poverty Reduction: A Review of the CEPF Tropical Andes Portfolio, November 2006
    English (PDF - 229 KB)

  • Portfolio Overview, as of January 2005
    English (PDF - 185 KB)
    - Full related briefing book
    English (PDF - 5.9 MB)

  • Portfolio review, September 2004
    English (PDF - 899 KB)

  • Project Final Reports
    Reports compiled by project leaders detailing final results and lessons learned
    View reports

Newsletters
  • Eco-Exchange Newsletter, Rainforest Alliance
    - Newsletter archive: English / Spanish

Other Publications
  • Bajo Control: Biodiversidad, cuidando de ella frente a una obra caminera, Fundación para el Desarrollo del Sistema Nacional de Áreas Protegidas (FUNDESNAP)
    Spanish (PDF - 1.26 MB)

  • Comités Locales De Monitoreo Ambiental (CLMA): Una Experiencia Inédita, Jaime Villanueva Cardozo, Fundación para el Desarrollo del Sistema Nacional de Áreas Protegidas (FUNDESNAP)
    Spanish (PDF - 1.01 MB)

  • Comités Locales De Monitoreo Ambiental (CLMA) Y Áreas Protegidas: Documentando Una Experiencia De Gestión Socioambiental Generada En El Contexto Del Proyecto Carretero Corredor Norte, Imke Oetting, Fundación para el Desarrollo del Sistema Nacional de Áreas Protegidas (FUNDESNAP)
    Spanish (PDF - 1.66 MB)

  • Comités Locales De Monitoreo Ambiental (CLMA) Y Áreas Protegidas: El Trabajo De Los CLMA Y Del Equipo De Las Áreas Protegidas de Pilón Lajas, Madidi Y Manuripi, Imke Oetting, Fundación para el Desarrollo del Sistema Nacional de Áreas Protegidas (FUNDESNAP)
    Spanish (PDF - 1.79 MB)

  • Manual de Instrumentos legales para la conservación privada en el Perú, Sociedad Peruana de Derecho Ambiental
    Spanish (PDF - 577 KB)
    - Annex
    Spanish (PDF - 381 KB)

  • Park Profiles, ParksWatch Bolivia
    Evaluations of protected areas, assessing their levels of implementation and identifying threats. Each profile prescribes actions to abate or remove the most serious threats and lists recommendations to improve each area’s management.

    - Amboro National Park and Integrated Management Natural Area 
    October 2005
    English (PDF - 5.39 MB) 
    August 2005
    Spanish (PDF, 5.30 MB)

    - Apolobomba Integrated Management Natural Area
    October 2005
    English (PDF - 5.87 MB)
    August 2005
    Spanish (PDF - 6.13 MB)

    - Carrasco National Park 
    August 2005
    Spanish (PDF - 4.89 MB)

    - Cotapata National Park and Integrated Natural Management Area
    October 2005
    English (PDF - 5.79 MB) 
    August 2005
    Spanish (PDF - 5.88 MB)

    - Isiboro Secure National Park and Indigenous Territory
    August 2005
    Spanish (PDF - 4.59 MB)

    - Madidi National Park and Integrated Natural Management Area
    August 2005
    Spanish (PDF - 6.56 MB)

    - Pilón Lajas Biosphere Reserve and Communal Lands
    October 2005
    English (PDF - 5.85 PDF)
    August 2005
    Spanish (PDF - 5.90 MB)

  • Trueque Amazónico: Lessons in Community-based Ecotourism, Selva Reps
    English (PDF - 816 KB)
Fast Facts

Status: Profiling for second investment

Initial investment: 
  • $6.13 million
  • 2001-2006
  • 32 grants
Consolidation:
  • $2 million
  • 2010-2013
  • 21 grants​
Regional Resources
​​- Consolidation program, June 2008
Ecosystem profile, December 2001
News
Project database
Publications

See Also
​​​Document: Tropical Andes Biodiversity Hotspot Program for Consolidation June 2008
English (PDF - 48 KB)

Document: Assessing Five Years of CEPF Investment in the Tropical Andes Biodiversity Hotspot, October 2006
English (PDF - 748 KB)

Document:  Logical Framework for Consolidation - Vilcabamba – Amboro Manabi Conservation Corridor
English (PDF - 13KB)

Document: GEF Focal Point Endorsements, English (PDF - 650 KB)

Grants: Learn which regions are open for applications and how to apply.