Information about the Himalaya Biodiversity Hotspot was developed using the ecosystem profile (PDF - 3.4 MB) and the book Hotspots Revisited, which cites:

Alnutt, T., Wikramanayake, E., Dinerstein, E., Loucks, C., Jackson, R., Hunter, D., & Carpenter, C. 2002. Composition of the alpine Himalayan protected areas network and its contribution to biodiversity conservation. In E.D. Wikramanayake, E. Dinerstein, C. Loucks, D. Olson, J. Morrison, J. Lamoreux, M. McKnight, & P. Hedao (Eds.), Terrestrial Ecoregions of the Indo-Pacific: A Conservation Assessment. pp 131-135. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.

Biodiversity Action Plan. 2002. Biodiversity Action Plan for Bhutan 2002. Prepared and published by the Ministry of Agriculture, Royal Government of Bhutan.

Birdlife International. 2003. Saving Asia’s Threatened Birds: A Guide for Government and Civil Society. Cambridge: Birdlife International.

Gadgil, M. 1985. Social Restraints on Resource Utilization: The Indian Experience. In J.A. McNeely & D. Pitt. (Eds.), Culture and Conservation: The Human Dimension in Environmental Planning. pp. 135-155. Dublin: Croom Helm.

Ghosh, A.K. 1996. Faunal Diversity. In G.S. Gujral & V. Sharma. (Eds.), Changing Perspectives of Biodiversity Status in the Himalaya. New Delhi: The British Council.

Grimmet, R., Inskipp, C. & Inskipp, T. 1999. Birds of India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives. Princeton Field Guides. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Gupta, R.K. 1994. Arcto-alpine and boreal elements in the high altitude flora of the northwest Himalaya. In Y.P.S. Pangtey and R.S. Rawal (Eds.), High Altitudes of the Himalaya. (Biogeography, Ecology and Conservation). pp. 12-32. Delhi. Gyanodaya Prakashan.

Haribal, M. 1992. Butterflies of Sikkim Himalaya and their Natural History. Gangtok, Sikkim:Nature Conservation Foundation.

IUCN. 1990. IUCN Directory of South Asian Protected Areas. Cambridge: IUCN.

Karanth, K.U. & Nichols, J.D. 1998. Estimating tiger densities in India from camera trap data using photographic captures and recaptures. Ecology 79:2852-2862.

Mani, M.S. 1986. Butterflies of the Himalaya. New Delhi: Oxford & IBH Publishing Co.

Mani, M.S. 1994. The Himalaya, its ecology and biogeography: A review. In Y.P.S. Pangtey & R.S. Rawal. (Eds.), High Altitudes of the Himalaya. (Biogeography, Ecology and Conservation). pp. 1-10. Delhi: Gyanodaya Prakashan.

Miller, D. 2002. Pastures of plenty? Livestock grazing and conservation of Himalayan ranglands. In E.D. Wikramanayake, E. Dinerstein, C. Loucks, D. Olson, J. Morrison, J. Lamoreux, M. McKnight, & P. Hedao. (Eds.), Terrestrial ecoregions of the Indo-Pacific: a conservation assessment. pp 135-137. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.

Molnar, P. 1986. The geologic history and structure of the Himalaya. American Scientist 74:144-154.

Polunin, O. & Stainton, A. 1997. Flowers of the Himalaya. Delhi: Oxford India Paperbacks.

Ram, J. & Singh, S.P. 1994. Ecology and conservation of alpine meadows in central Himalaya, India. In Y.P.S. Pangtey & R.S. Rawal. (Eds.), High Altitudes of the Himalaya(Biogeography, Ecology and Conservation).pp. 33-35. Delhi: Gyanodaya Prakashan.

Risebrough, R. 2004. Fatal medicine for vultures. Nature 426:596-598.

Sahni, K.C. 1979. Endemic, relict, primitive and spectacular taxa in eastern Himalaya and strategies for their conservation. Indian J. For. 2 (2):181-190.

Sherpa, M., Wangchuk, S. & Wikramanayake, E.D. 2003. Linking Protected Areas for Ecosystem Conservation: A Case Study from Bhutan. A Paper presented at the World Parks Congress, Durban, South Africa.

Shrestha, T.K. 2001. Herpetology of Nepal: A Study of Amphibians and Reptiles of the trans-Himalayan Region of Nepal, India, Pakistan and Bhutan.

Singh, N.P., Singh, D.K., Hajra, P.K. & Sharma, B.D. (Eds.). 2000. Flora of India Introductory Volume (Part II). Botanical Survey of India. Calcutta.

Stirn, A & van Ham, P. 2001. The Seven Sisters of India: Tribal Worlds between Tibet and Burma. USA: Prestal Publishers.

Sukumar, R. 1992. The Asian Elephant, Ecology and Management. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

UNDP. 1998. Ecoregional Co-Operation for Biodiversity Conservation in the Himalayas. Proceedings of a regional meeting organized by UNDP in co-operation with WWF and ICIMOD.

Wikramanayake, E.D., Dinerstein, E., Allnut, T., Loucks, C. & Wettengel, W. 1998. A Biodiversity Assessment and Gap Analysis of the Himalayas. World Wildlife Fund-U.S., Conservation Science Program/ UNDP Rept.

Wikramanayake, E.D., Dinerstein, E., Loucks, C., Olson, D., Morrison, J., Lamoreux, J., McKnight, M., & Hedao, P. (Eds.). 2002. Terrestrial Ecoregions of the Indo-Pacific: A Conservation Assessment. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.

WWF & ICIMOD. 2001. Ecoregion-based Conservation in the Eastern Himalaya. Identifying Important Areas for Biodiversity Conservation. Katmandu: WWF Nepal Program.

WWF Nepal. 2004. WWF Nepal Annual Report. Kathmandu, Nepal: WWF.