CEPF's investment in the former Eastern Arc Mountains and Coastal Forests Biodiversity Hotspot was guided by the below strategic directions as outlined in the ecosystem profile.

Note: In 2005’s Hotspots Revisited, the authors reconfigured the hotspots so that the Eastern Arc Mountains and Coastal Forests, formerly a hotspot, was split. The Eastern Arc Mountains became part of the Eastern Afromontane Hotspot, and the Coastal Forests became a separate hotspot, the Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa.

  1. Increase the ability of local populations to benefit from and contribute to biodiversity conservation, especially in and around Lower Tana River Forests, Taita Hills, East Usambaras/Tanga, Udzungwas and Jozani Forest.
    • 1.1 Evaluate community-based forest management initiatives in the hotspot to determine best practices.
    • 1.2 Promote nature-based, sustainable businesses that benefit local populations.
    • 1.3 Explore possibilities for direct payments and easements (Conservation Concessions) for biodiversity conservation and support where appropriate.
    • 1.4 Build the capacity of community-based organizations for advocacy in support of biodiversity conservation at all levels.
    • 1.5 Support cultural practices that benefit biodiversity.
    • 1.6 Research and promote eco-agricultural options for the local populations.
  2. Restore and increase connectivity among fragmented forest patches in the hotspot, especially in Lower Tana River Forests Taita Hills, East Usambaras/Tanga and Udzungwas.
    • 2.1 Assess potential sites in the hotspot for connectivity interventions.
    • 2.2 Support initiatives that maintain or restore connectivity.
    • 2.3 Monitor and evaluate initiatives that maintain or restore connectivity.
    • 2.4 Support best practices for restoring connectivity in ways that also benefit people.
  3. Improve biological knowledge (all eligible sites).
    • 3.1 Refine and implement a standardized monitoring program across the eligible sites.
    • 3.2 Support research in the less studied of the eligible sites.
    • 3.3 Monitor populations of Critically Endangered and Endangered species.
    • 3.4 Support research in the hotspot to facilitate Red List assessments and re-assessments for plants, reptiles, invertebrates and other taxa.
    • 3.5 Compile and document indigenous knowledge on sites and species.
    • 3.6 Support awareness programs that increase public knowledge of biodiversity values.
  4. Establish a small grants program (all eligible sites) that focuses on Critically Endangered species and small-scale efforts to increase connectivity of biologically important habitat patches.
    • 4.1 Support targeted efforts to increase connectivity of biologically important habitat patches.
    • 4.2 Support efforts to increase biological knowledge of the sites and to conserve Citically Endangered species.
  5. Develop and support efforts for further fundraising for the region.
    • 5.1 Establish a professional resource mobilization unit, within an appropriate local partner institution, for raising long-term funds and resources for the region.
    • 5.2 Utilize high-level corporate contacts to secure funding from the private sector.
    • 5.3 Train local nongovernmental organizations and community-based organizations in fundraising and proposal writing.

Read more about CEPF's strategy in the Eastern Arc Mountains and Coastal Forests Hotspot in our ecosystem profile (PDF - 1 MB).