Information about the Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa Biodiversity Hotspot was developed using the ecosystem profile (PDF - 1 MB) and the book Hotspots Revisited, which cites:

Axelrod, D.I. & Raven, P.H. 1978. Late Cretaceous and Tertiary vegetation history of Africa. In M.J.A. Werger. (Ed.), Biogeography and Ecology of Southern Africa. pp 77–130. The Hague: Dr. W. Junk Publications.

Baatvik, S. T. 1993. The gnus Saintpaulia: 100 yars of history, taxonomy, ecology, distribution and conservation. Fragm. Flos. Geobot. Suppl. 2: 97-112.

Bearder, S. K. 1999. Physical and social diversity among nocturnal primates: A new view based on long term research. Primates 40: 267-282.

Bearder, S.K., Ambrose, L., Harcourt, C., Honess, P.,Perkin, A., Pimley, E., Pullen, S. & Svoboda, N. 2003. Species-typical patterns of infant contact, sleeping site use and social cohesion among noctural primates in Africa. Folia Primatol 74: 337-354.

Broadley, D. Undated. The Reptiles of the East African Coastal Mosaic. BFA Seminar Series no. 19. Bulawayo, Zimbabwe: Biodiversity Foundation for Africa.

Burgess, N.D. & Muir, C. (Eds.). 1994. Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa: Biodiversity and Conservation.Proceedings of a workshop held at the University of Dar es Salaam, August 9-11, 1993. Society for Environmental Exploration/ Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, UK.

Burgess, N.D., Clarke, G.P. & Rodgers, W.A. 1998. Coastal forests of eastern Africa: Status, species endemism and its possible causes. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 64: 337–367.

Burgess, N.D., Kock, D., Cockle, A., FitzGibbon, C., Jenkins, P. & Honess, P. 2000. Mammals. In N.D. Burgess & G.P.Clarke. The Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa. pp. 173-190. Cambridge: IUCN Forest Conservation Programme.

Burgess, N.D. & Hipkiss, A. 2002. Pande Game Reserve: Observations on forest loss between July 1989 and November 2001. The Arc Journal 14: 1-3.

Burgess, N.B., Negussie, G, Bechtel, P., Moises, N.O. & Doggart, N. 2003a. Coastal forests in northern Mozambique. The Arc Journal 15: 9-12.

Burgess, N.D., Doggart, N., Doody, K., Negussie, G., Sumbi, P. & Perkin, A. 2003b. New information on the lowland coastal forests of eastern Africa. Oryx 37: 280-281.

Burgess, N., D'Amico Hales, J., Underwood, E., Dinerstein, E., Olson, D., Itoua, I., Schipper, J., Ricketts, T. & Newman, K. In press. Terrestrial Ecoregions of Africa and Madagascar: A Continental Assessment.Washington, D.C.: Island Press.

Clarke, G. P. 1995. Status Reports for 6 Coastal Forests in Lindi Region, Tanzania. Frontier-Tanzania Technical Report No. 18. London and Dar es Salaam: The Society for Environmental Exploration/The University of Dar es Salaam.

Clarke, G.P. 1998a. Plants in peril, 24: Notes on lowland African violets (Saintpaulia) in the wild. Kew Magazine 15: 62-67.

Clarke, G.P. 1998b. A new regional centre of endemism in Africa. In D.F. Cutler, C.R. Huxley, & J.M. Lock. (Eds.), Aspects of the Ecology, Taxonomy and Chorology of the Floras of Africa and Madagascar. Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens.

Clarke, G.P. 2000a. Defining the eastern African coastal forests. In N.D. Burgess & G.P. Clarke. (Eds.), The Coastal Forests Eastern Africa. pp. 9-26. Cambridge and Gland: IUCN.

Clarke, G.P. 2000b. Climate and climatic history. In N.D. Burgess & G.P. Clarke. (Eds.), The Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa. pp. 47-67. Cambridge and Gland: IUCN.

Clarke, G.P. 2001. The lindi local centre of endemism in southeastern Tanzania. Systematics and Geography of Plants 71: 1063-1072

Clarke, G. P. & Dickinson, A. 1995. Status Reports for 11 Coastal Forests in Coast Region, Tanzania. Frontier-Tanzania. Technical Report No. 17. London and Dar es Salaam: The Society for Environmental Exploration/The University of Dar es Salaam.

Clarke, G. P. & Subblefield, L.K. 1995. Status Reports for 7 Coastal Forests in Tanga Region, Tanzania. Frontier-Tanzania Technical Report No. 16. London and Dar es Salaam: The Society for Environmental Exploration/The University of Dar es Salaam.

Clarke, G.P., Vollesen, K. & Mwasumbi, L.B. 2000. Vascular plants. In N.D. Burgess & G.P. Clarke. (Eds.), The Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa. pp. 129–147. Cambridge & Gland: IUCN.

Clarke, G.P. & Burgess, N.D. 2000. Geology and geomorphology. In N.D. Burgess & G.P.Clarke. (Eds.), Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa. IUCN Forest Conservation Series. Cambridge & Gland: IUCN.

Clausnitzer, V. 2001. Notes on the species diversity of east African odonata, with a checklist of species. Odonatologica30:49-66.

CEPF. 2003. Ecosystem Profile: Eastern Arc Mountains and Coastal Forests of Tanzania and Kenya Biodiversity Hotspot.Washington D.C.: Online. Available:

Cutler, D.F., Huxley, C.R. & Lock, J.M. 1998. Kew Bulletin Additional Series. Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens.

Gereau, R. & Luke, Q.L. 2003. Draft List of Potentially Threatened Plants of the Hotspot. Unpublished report.

Grubb, P., Butynski, T.M., Oates, J.F., Bearder, S.K., Disotell, T.R., Groves, C. & Struhsaker, T. 2003. An assessment of the diversity of African primates. International Journal of Primatology 42: 1301-1358.

Hoffman, R.L. 2000. Millipedes. In N.D. Burgess & G.P. Clarke. (Eds.), The Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa. pp. 211–218.Cambridge & Gland: IUCN.

Hrbek, T. & Larson, A. 1999. The evolution of diapause in the killifish family rivulidae (Atherinomorpha, Cyprinodontiformes): A molecular, phylogenetic, and biogeographic perspective. Evolution 53:1200-1216.

Kesley, M.G. & Langton, T.E.S. 1984. The Conservation of Arabuko-Sokoke Forest. ICBP Study Report No.4. Cambridge: International Council for Bird Preservation.

Lovett, J.C., Hansen, J.R. & Hørlyck, V. 2000. Comparison with eastern arc forests. In N.D. Burgess & G.P. Clarke. (Eds.), The Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa. pp. 115–125.Cambridge & Gland: IUCN.

Madgwick, F.J. 1988. Riverine forest in the Jubba Valley: Vegetation analysis and comments on forest conservation. The Biogeography of Somalia, Biogeographia 14: 67-88.

Milledge, S.A.H. & Kaale, B.K. 2003. Bridging the Gap: Linking Timber Trade with Infrastructure Development and Poverty Eradication Efforts in Southern Tanzania. Dar es Salaam: TRAFFIC East/Southern Africa.

Mlingwa, C.O.F., Waiyaki, E.M., Bennun, L.A. & Burgess, N.D. 2000. Birds. In N.D. Burgess & G.P. Clarke. (Eds.), The Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa. pp. 149-172. Gland & Cambridge: IUCN Forest Programme.

Nature Kenya & WCST. 2003. Conservation Outcomes for Eastern Arc and Lowland Coastal Forests Hotspot. Nairobi: Nature Kenya.

Parker,V. 1999. The Atlas of the Birds of Sul Do Save, Southern Mozambique. Cape Town: Avian Demography Unite and Endangered Wildlife Trust.

Robertson, S.A. 1987. Preliminary Floristic Survey of Kaya Forest on Coastal Kenya. Unpublished Report. Nairobi: National Museums of Kenya.

Robertson, S.A. & Luke, W.R.O. 1993. Kenya Coastal Forests. Nairobi: WWF.

Rodgers, W.A., Hall, J.B., Mwasumbi, L.B., Griffiths, C.I. & Vollesen, K. 1983. The Conservation Values and Status of Kimboza Forest Reserve, Tanzania. University of Dar es Salaam.

Timberlake, J., Golding, J. & Clarke, G.P. 2004. Niassa Botanical Expedition, June 2003. Report prepared for the Sociedade para a Gestão e Desenvolvimento da Reserva do Niassa Moçambique. Zimbabwe: Biodiversity Foundation for Africa

World Bank. 2002. Online. Available:

WWF-EARPO. 2002. Coastal Forests of Eastern Africa: Draft Action Plan. Nairobi: WWF-EARPO.

Younge, A., Negussie, G. & Burgess, N. 2002. Eastern Africa Coastal Forest Programme: Regional Workshop Report Feb 4-7 2002. Nairobi: WWF Eastern African Programme Office.