Information about the Maputaland-Pondoland-Albany Biodiversity Hotspot was developed using the ecosystem profile (PDF - 2.8 MB) and the book Hotspots Revisited, which cites:

Acocks, J.P.H. 1953. Veld types of South Africa. Memoirs of the Botanical Survey of South Africa 28: 1–192. (3rd edition with updated names and illustrations published in 1988 as Memoirs of the Botanical Survey of South Africa 57: 1–146).

Apps, P. (Ed.). 1996. Smithers' Mammals of Southern Africa: A Field Guide. Southern Book Publishers, Halfway House.

Barnes, K.N. (Ed.). 1998. The Important Bird Areas of Southern Africa. Johannesburg: BirdLife South Africa.

Batten, A. 1986. Flowers of Southern Africa. Sandton: Frandsen Publishers.

Branch, B. 1998. Field Guide to Snakes and other Reptiles of Southern Africa. 3rd edition. Cape Town: Struik Publishers.

Bruton, M.N. & Cooper, K.H. 1980. Studies on the Ecology of Maputaland. Durban: Rhodes University, Grahamstown & Natal Branch of the Wildlife Society of South Africa.

Channing, A. 2001. Amphibians of Central and Southern Africa. Pretoria: Protea Bookhouse.

Coates Palgrave, K. 2002. Trees of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers.

Clancey, P.A. (Ed.) 1980. S.A.O.S. Checklist of Southern African Birds. Pretoria: Southern African Ornithological Society.

Dahlgren, R. & Van Wyk, A.E. 1988. Structures and relationships of families endemic to or centered in Southern Africa. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Garden 25: 1–94.

Eliovson, S. 1980. Wild Flowers of Southern Africa. How to Grow and Identify Them. 6th edition. Hong Kong: Dai Nippon Printing Co. Ltd.

Esterhuysen, P. (Ed.). 1998a. Africa A-Z. Continental and Country Profiles. Africa Old Mill Road, Western Cape: Institute of South Africa.

Esterhuysen, P. 1998b. Africa at a Glance. Facts & Figures 1997/8. 10th edition. Old Mill Road, Western Cape: Africa Institute of South Africa

Ginn, P.J., McIlleron, W.G. & Milstein, P. le S. (Compilers). 1989. The Complete Book of Southern African Birds. Cape Town: Struik Publishers.

Goldblatt, P. & Manning, J. 2002. Plant diversity of the Cape Region of South Africa. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 89: 281–302.

Hamer, M.L., Samways, M.J. & Ruhberg, H. 1997. A review of the onycophora of South Africa, with a discussion of their conservation. Ann. Natal. Mus. 38: 283–312.

Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (Eds.). 1997. The Atlas of Southern African Birds (2 vols). Johannesburg: BirdLife South Africa.

Henning, G.A., Pringle, E.L.L. & Ball, J.B. (Eds.). 1994. Pennington's Butterflies of Southern Africa. 2nd edition. Cape Town: Struik-Winchester.

Izidine, S.A. 2003. Licuáti Forest Reserve, Mozambique: Flora, Utilization and Conservation. MSc Thesis, Department of Botany. University of Pretoria, Pretoria.

Le Roux, J. (Compiler). 2002. The Biodiversity of South Africa 2002. Indicators, Trends and Human Impacts. Cape Town: Struik Publishers.

Linder, P. 2003. The radiation of the cape flora, Southern Africa. Biological Reviews 78: 597–639.

Low, A.B. & Rebelo, A.G. 1998. Vegetation of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. 2nd edition. Pretoria: Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism.

Marais, J. 1999. Snakes and Snakebites in Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers.

Matthews, W.S., Van Wyk, A.E., & Van Rooyen, N. 1999. Vegetation of the Sileza Nature Reserve and neighbouring areas, South Africa, and its importance in conserving the woody grasslands of the Maputaland centre of endemism. Bothalia 29: 151–167.

Minter, L.R. 2003. Two new cryptic species of Breviceps (Anura: Microhylidae) from Southern Africa. African Journal of Herpetology 52: 9–21.

Mittermeier, R.A., Myers, N., Gil, P.R. & Mittermeier, C.G. 1999. Hotspots. Earth's Biologically Richest and Most Endangered Terrestrial Ecoregions. Conservation International, Sierra Madre.

Newman, K. 1998. Newman's Birds of Southern Africa. 7th edition. Southern Book Publishers, Halfway House.

Picker, M., Griffiths, C. & Weaving, A. 2002. Field Guide to Insects of South Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers.

Plisko, J.D. 1998. New and little-known species of Microchaetus Rapp, 1849, with a key to all species and notes on the significance of certain morphological features (Oligochaeta: Microchaetidae). Ann. Natal Mus. 39: 249–300.

Silander, J.A. Jr. 2001. Temperate rainforests. In Encyclopedia of Biodiversity. 5: 607-626. San Diego: Academc Press.

Sinclair, I. & Ryan, P. 2003. Birds of Africa South of the Sahara: a Comprehensive Illustrated Field Guide. Cape Town; Struik Publishers.

Skelton, P. 2001. A Complete Guide to the Freshwater Fishes of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers.

Smith, G.F., van Jaarsveld, E.J., Arnold, T.H., Steffens, F.E., Dixon, R.D. & Retief, J.A. (Eds.). 1997. List of Southern African Succulent Plants. Pretoria: Umdaus Press.

Van Riet, W., Claassen, P., Van Rensburg, J., Van Viegen, T. & Du Plessis, L. 1997. Environmental Potential Atlas for South Africa. Pretoria: J.L. van Schaik Publishers.

Van Wyk, A.E. & Smith, G.F. 2001. Regions of Floristic Endemism in Southern Africa. A Review with Emphasis on Succulents. Pretoria: Umdaus Press.

Victor, J.E. & Dold, A.P. 2003. Threatened plants of the Albany Centre of Floristic Endemism, South Africa. South African Journal of Science 99: 437–446.

Vlok, J.H.J., Euston-Brown, D.I.W. & Cowling, R.M. 2003. Acocks’ Valley Bushveld 50 years on: New perspectives on the delimitation, characterisation and origin of thicket vegetation. South African Journal of Botany 69: 27–51.

Werger, M.J.A. (Ed.). 1978. Biogeography and Ecology of Southern Africa (2 vols). The Hague: Junk.