Information about the Western Ghats and Sri Lanka Biodiversity Hotspot was developed using the ecosystem profile (PDF - 1.9 MB) and the book Hotspots Revisited, which cites:

Arachchi, K. M. & Pethiyagoda, R. In press. The Sri Lankan Shrub Frogs of the Genus Philautus Gistel, 1848. Rhacophorinae: Ranidae.

Ashton, P.S. & Gunatilleke, C.V.S. 1987. New light on the plant geography of Ceylon I: Historical plant geography. Journal of Biogeography 14: 249–285.

Bahir, M. M., Ng, P.K.L., Crandall, K. & Pethiyagoda, R. In Press. Conservation assessment of the freshwater crabs (Crustacea: Bracyura: Parathelphusidae) of Sri Lanka. In D.C.J Yeo, P. K. L. Ng & R. Pethiyagoda. (Eds.), Contributions to Biodiversity Exploration and Research in Sri Lanka. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology.

Biju, S.D. & Bossuyt, F. 2003. New frog family from India reveals an ancient biogeographical link with the Seychelles. Nature425:711-714.

BirdLife International. 2003. Saving Asia's Threatened Birds: A Guide for Government and Civil Society. Cambridge: Birdlife International.

Collins, N.M., Sayer, J.A. & Whitmore, T.C. 1991. The Conservation Atlas of Tropical Forest: Asia and the Pacific. IUCN.

Conti, E., Rutschmann, F. & Eriksson, T. 2003. Testing the out-of-India origin of crypteroniaceae with molecular dating methods [abstract]. In Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation. p. 37. Aberdeen, U.K.: University of Aberdeen.

D'Abrera, B. 1998. The Butterflies of Ceylon. Colombo: WHT Publications.

Dahanukar, N., Raut, R. & Bhat, A. 2004. Distribution, endemism and threat status of freshwater fishes in the Western Ghats of India. Journal of Biogeography 31: 123-136.

Daniels, R.J.R. 2001. Endemic fishes of the Western Ghats and the satpura hypothesis. Current Science81:241-244.

Das, I. 1996. Biogeography of the Reptiles of South Asia. Malabar: Krieger Publ. Co.

Dassanayake, M.D. & Fossberg, F.R. 1980-2002. A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon. Vols. 1-9 edited by M.D. Dassanayake, F.R. Fossberg, & W.D. Clayton; Vols. 10-14 edited by M.D. Dassanayake & W.D. Clayton. New Delhi: Oxford & IBH Publishing Co.

Ganeshaiah, K.N. 2003. Sasya Sahyadri: Distribution, Taxonomy and Diversity of Plants of Western Ghats. Bangalore, India: University of Agricultural Sciences.

Gimaret-Carpentier, C., Dray, S. & Pascal, J.P. 2003. Broad-scale biodiversity pattern of the endemic tree flora of the Western Ghats (India) using canonical correlation analysis of herbarium records. Ecography 26: 429-444.

Gunasekera, N.S. & Dayanandan, S. 2003. Dipterocarpaceae as a model for understanding evolution in tropical trees. In Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation. Aberdeen, U.K.: University of Aberdeen.

Inger, R. F.1999. Distribution of amphibians in Southern Asia and adjacent islands. In W.E. Duellman. (Ed.), Patterns of Distribution of Amphibians: A Global Perspective. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Jayasuriya, A.K. & Traniello, J.F.A. 1985. The biology of the primitive ant Aneuretus simoni (Emery), 1: Distribution, abundance, colony structure and foraging ecology. Insectes Sociaux 32:363-374.

Jha, C. S., Dutt, C. B. S. & Bawa, K. S. 2000. Deforestation and land use changes in Western Ghats, India. Current Science79:231-238.

Kostermans, A. J. G. H. 1992. A Handbook of the Dipterocarpaceae of Sri Lanka. Colombo: Wildlife Heritage Trust of Sri Lanka.

Krombein, K.V. & Norden, B.B. 1997. Bizarre nesting behavior of Krombeinictus nordenae Leclercq(Hymenoptera: Sphecidae, Crabroninae). J. South Asian Nat. Hist. 2(2): 145-154.

Kunte, K., Joglekar, A., Ghate, U., & Pramod, P. 1999. Patterns of butterfly, birds and tree diversity in the Western Ghats. Current Science 77(4): 577-586.

Meegaskumbura, M., Bossuyt, F., Pethiyagoda, R., Manamendra-Arachchi, K., Milinkovitch, M. C. & Schneider, C. J. 2002. Sri Lanka: An amphibian hotspot. Science 298:379.

Mittermeier, R. A., Carr, J. L., Swingland, I. R. et al. 1992. Conservation of amphibians and reptiles. In K. Adler. (Ed.), Herpetology: Current Research on the Biology of Amphibians and Reptiles. Ithaca: Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles.

Naggs, F. & Raheem, D. In press. The Darwin Initiative Project on Sri Lankan land snails: Patterns of diversity in Sri Lankan forests. In I. Killeen & M. Seddon. (Eds.), Molluscan Conservation and Biodiversity. London: Conchological Society.

Naggs, F. & Raheem, D. 2000. Land Snail Diversity in Sri Lanka. CD ROM. London: Natural History Museum.

Ng, P. K. L. & Tay, F. W. M. 2001. The freshwater crabs of Sri Lanka (Decapoda: Brachyura: Parathelphusidae). Zeylanica6(2): 113–199.

Pascal, J. P. 1988. Wet Evergreen Forests of the Western Ghats of India: Ecology, Structure, Floristic Composition and Succession. Pondicherry, India: French Institute.

Pethiyagoda, R. & Manamendra-Arachchi, K. 1998. Evaluating Sri Lanka's amphibian diversity. Occasional Papers of the Wildlife Heritage Trust of Sri Lanka 2: 1–12.

Pethiyagoda, R. 1991. Freshwater Fishes of Sri Lanka. Colombo: Wildlife Heritage Trust.

Pethiyagoda, R. 1994. Threats to the indigenous freshwater fishes of Sri Lanka and remarks on their conservation. Hydrobiologia 285: 189-201.

Ramesh, B.R. & Pascal, J.P. 1991. Distribution of Endemic, Arbsorescent Evergreen Species in the Western Ghats. Proceedings of Symposium on Rare and Endangered Plants of the Western Ghats Kerala Forest Department. Trivandrum 20-29.

Rodgers, W.A., Panwar, H.S. & Mathur. V.B. 2002. Wildlife Protected Area Network in India: A review .Dehradun: Wildlife Institute of India.

Roelants, K., Jiang, J. & Bossuyt, F. In press. Endemic ranid (Amphibia: Anura) genera in southern mountain ranges of the Indian subcontinentrRepresent ancient frog lineages: Evidence from molecular data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution.

Siddall, M., Rohling, E.J. Almogi-Labin, A. et al. 2003. Sea-level fluctuations during the last glacial cycle. Nature 423:853-858.

Sukumar, R. 2003. The Living Elephants: Evolutionary Ecology, Behaviour, and Conservation. New York: Oxford University Press.

Wikramanayake, E., Dinerstein, E., Loucks, C. J. et al., 2002. Terrestrial Ecoregions of the Indo-Pacific: A Conservation Assessment. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.