Information about the Mountains of Central Asia Biodiversity Hotspot was developed using the ecosystem profile (PDF - 6.2 MB), also available in Russian (PDF - 7.6 MB), and the book Hotspots Revisited, which cites:

Azimov, Zh.A. (Ed.). 2003. The Red Book of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Tashkent: Uzbekistan Academy of Sciences.

Borkin, L.J. 1999. Distribution of amphibians in North Africa, Europe, Western Asia and the former Soviet Union. In W.E. Duellman. (Ed.), Patterns of Distribution of Amphibians. A Global Perspective. pp. 329-420. Baltimore & London: John Jopkins University Press.

Coad, D. 1981. Fishes of Afghanistan: An annotated check-list. Publications in Zoology, No. 14. Ottawa: National Museum of Canada.

GEF/UNDP. 1998. Republic of Uzbekistan Biodiversity Conservation, National Strategy and Action Plan. Tashkent.

IUCN. 1993. Nature Reserves of the Himalaya and Mountains of Central Asia. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN.

Knystautas, A. 1987. The Natural History of the USSR. London: Century Hutchison.

Koshkasrev, E. & Vyrypaev, V. 2000. The snow leopard after the break-up of the Soviet Union. Cat News 32: 9-11.

Kreuzberg, A. 2003. Papilionidae in Central Asia. Tashkent: Institute of Zoology.

Li, W. & Smith, A.T. 2005. Dramatic decline of the threatened Ili pika Ochotona iliensis (Lagomorpha: Ochotonidae) in Xinjiang, China. Oryx 39: 30-34.

Merzlyakova, I. 2002. The mountains of Central Asia and Kazakhstan. In M. Shahgedanova. (Ed.), The Physical Geography of Northern Eurasia. pp. 380-402. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ministry of Environmental Protection. 1998. Kyrgyz Republic Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan. Bishkek.

Petr, T. & Mitrofanov, V.P. 1998. The impact on fish stocks of river regulation in Central Asia and Kazakhstan. Lakes & Reservoirs: Research and Management 3: 143-164.

Regional Ecological Assessment Centre of Central Asia. 2003. Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. Almaty.

Shackleton, D.M. (Ed.). & IUCN/SSC Caprinae Specialist Group. 1997. Wild Sheep and Goats and Their Relatives. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan for Caprinae. Gland, Switzerland & Cambridge, U.K: IUCN.

Tishkov, A. 2002. Nature Protection and Conservation. In M. Shahgedanova. (Ed.), The Physical Geography of Northern Eurasia. pp. 527-544. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

USAID. 2001a. Biodiversity Assessment for Central Asia: Regional Overview. Almaty: USAID Central Asian Republics Mission.

USAID. 2001b. Biodiversity Assessment for Kazakhstan. Almaty: USAID Central Asian Republics Mission.

USAID. 2001c. Biodiversity Assessment for Kyrgyzstan. Almaty: USAID Central Asian Republics Mission.

USAID. 2001d. Biodiversity Assessment for Tajikistan. Almaty: USAID Central Asian Republics Mission.

Vvedensky, A.I. (Ed.). 1968-1993. Conspectus Florae Asiae Mediae. 10 vols. Moscow: USSR Academy of Sciences/Uzbek Academy of Sciences.

Wang, S. (Compiler). 1998. China Red Data Book of Endangered Animals. Mammalia. Beijing: Science Press.

Zhang, B., Yao, Y., Cheng, W., Zhou, C., Lu, Z., Chen, X., Alshir, K., Erdowlet, I., Zhang, L. & Shi, Q. 2002. Human-induced changes to biodiversity and alpine pastureland in the Bayanbulak Region Of the eastern Tien Shan Mountains. Mountain Research and Development 22(4): 383-389.

Zhao J., Zheng, G., Huadong, W. & Xu, J. 1990. The Natural History of China. London: Collins.

Zheng, G. & Wang, Q. (Compilers). 1998. China Red Data Book of Endangered Animals. Aves. Beijing: Science Press.

Zlotin, R.I. 1999. Geography and organization of high-mountain ecosystems in the former USSR. In F.E. Wiegolaski. (Ed.), Ecosystems of the World 3. Polar and Alpine Tundra. pp. 133-159. Amsterdam: Elsevier.