Information about the Polynesia-Micronesia Biodiversity Hotspot was developed using the ecosystem profile (PDF - 1.2 MB), also available in French (PDF - 1.3 MB), and the book Hotspots Revisited, which cites:

Allison, A. 1996. Zoogeography of amphibians and reptiles of New Guinea and the Pacific region. In A. Keast & S.E. Miller. (Eds.), Origin and Evolution of Pacific Island Biotas, New Guinea to Eastern Polynesia: Patterns and Processes. Amsterdam: SPB Academic Publishing.

Allison, A. 2003. Biological surveys: New perspectives in the Pacific. Organisms Diversity and Evolution3:103-110.

Allison, A. & Miller, S.E. 2000. Hawaii biological survey: Museum resources in support of conservation. In P.H. Raven & T. Williams. (Eds.), The Quest for a Sustainable World. pp. 281-290. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

Balgooy, M.M.J. van. 1993. Pacific Plant Areas, Vol. 5. Leiden, The Netherlands: Rijksherbarium.

Coote, T. & Loève, E. 2003. From 61 species to five: Endemic tree snails of the Society Islands fall prey to an ill-judged biological control programme. Oryx 37:91-96.

Cowie, R.H. 1996. Pacific island land snails: Relationships, origins, and determinants of diversity. In A. Keast & S.E. Miller. (Eds.), Origin and Evolution of Pacific Island Biotas, New Guinea to Eastern Polynesia: Patterns and Processes. pp. 347-372. Amsterdam: SPB Academic Publishing.

Cowie, R.H. 1998. Catalog of the non-marine snails and slugs of the Samoan Islands. Bishop Museum Bulletin in Zoology3:1-122.

Cowie, R.H. & Robinson, A.C. 2003. The decline of native Pacific island faunas: Changes in status of the land snails of Samoa through the 20th century. Biological Conservation 110:55-65.

Cowie, R.H., Evenhuis, N.L. & Christensen, C.C. 1995. Catalog of the Native Land and Freshwater Mollusks of the Hawaiian Islands. Leiden: Backhuys Publishers.

Crombie, R.I. & Steadman, D.W. 1986. The lizards of Rarotonga and Mangaia, Cook Islands group, Oceania. Pacific Science 40(1-4): 44-57.

Eldredge, L.G. 2000. Non-indigenous freshwater fishes, amphibians, and crustaceans of the Pacific and Hawaiian Islands. In Invasive Species in the Pacific: A Technical Review and Draft Regional Strategy. Apia: South Pacific Environment Programme.

Eldredge, L.G. & Evenhuis, N.L. 2003. Hawaii's biodiversity: A detailed assessment of the numbers of species in the Hawaiian Islands. Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 76:1-28.

Fitzsimmons, J.M., Parham, J.E. & Nishimoto, R.T. 2002. Similarities in behavioral ecology among amphidromous and catadromous fishes on the Oceanic islands of Hawaii and Guam. Environmental Biology of Fishes 654:123-129.

Flannery, T.F. 1995. Mammals of the South-West Pacific and Moluccan Islands. Sydney: Reed.

Gibbons, J.R.H. 1981. The biogeography of brachylophus (iguanidae) including the description of a new species, B. vitiensis, from Fiji. Journal of Herpetology 15(3):255-273.

Hadfield, M.G. 1986. Extinction in Hawaiian achantinelline snails. Malacologia 27:67-81.

Holland, B. S. & Hadfield, M.G. 2002. Islands within an island: Phylogeography and conservation genetics of the endangered Hawaiian tree snail, Achatinella mustelina. Molecular Ecology 11:365-375.

Ineich, I. & Zug, G. 1996. Tachygia, the giant tonga skink: Extinct or extant. Cryptozoology 12:30-35.

James, H. F. & Olson, S. L. 1991. Descriptions of Thirty-two New Species of Birds from the Hawaiian Islands: Part II. Passeriformes, volume No. 46 of Ornithological Monographs. Washington, D.C.: The American Ornithologist's Union.

Lydeard, C., Cowie, R.H., Ponder, W.F., Clark, S., Bogan, A.E.,Bouchet, P., Cummings, K.S., Frest, T.J., Herbert, D.G., Hershler, R., Gargominy, O., Perez, K., Roth, B., Seddon, M., Strong, E.E. & Thomopson, F.G. In press. The global decline of nonmarine mollusks. BioScience April 2004.

McDowall, R.M. 2003. Hawaiian biogeography and the islands: Freshwater fish fauna. Journal of Biogeography 30:703-719.

Meyer, J.Y. & Florence, J. 1997. Tahiti's native flora endangered by the invasion of Miconia calvescens DC (Melastomataceae). Journal of Biogeography 23:775-781.

Mueller-Dombois, D. & Fosberg, F.R. 1998. Vegetation of tropical Pacific islands. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Olson, S.L. & James, H.F. 1991. Descriptions of thirty-two new species of birds from the Hawaiian Islands: Part I. Non-passeriformes, Vol. 45 of Ornithological Monographs. Washington, D.C.: The American Ornithologist's Union.

Pratt, H.D., Bruner, P.L. & Berrett, D.G. 1987. The Birds of Hawaii and the Tropical Pacific. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Reti, I. 1993. The South Pacific Biodiversity Conservation Programme: Its concept and scope. Pacific Science Association Information Bulletin 45(1-2):9-14.

Ryan, P. A. 1991. The success of the gobiidae in tropical insular streams. New Zealand Journal of Zoology18:25-30.

SPC (Secretariat of the Pacific Community). Online. Available: 2003/03 poster.xls

SPREP (South Pacific Regional Environmental Programme). 2003. Action Strategy for Nature Conservation in the Pacific Islands Region, 2003-2007. Apia, Samoa: South Pacific Regional Environment Programme.

Stoddart, D.R. 1992. Biogeography of the tropical Pacific. Pacific Science 46(2): 276-293.

Takhtadzhëiìan, A.L. & Cronquist, A. 1986. Floristic Regions of the World. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Tomich, P.Q. 1986. Mammals of Hawai'i. Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press.