Information about the Sundaland Biodiversity Hotspot was developed using the ecosystem profile (PDF - 810 KB), also available in Bahasa (PDF - 1.9 MB), and the book Hotspots Revisited, which cites:

BirdLife International. 2003. Saving Asia's Threatened Birds: A Guide for Government and Civil Society. Cambridge: Birdlife International.

Brook, B. W., Sodhi, N. S. & Ng, P. K. L. 2003. Catastrophic extinctions follow deforestation in Singapore. Nature 424: 420-423.

Curran, L. M., Trigg, S., McDonald, A., Astiani, D., Hardiono, Y.M., Siregar, P., Caniago, I. & Kasischke, E. 2004. Lowland forest loss in protected areas of Indonesian Borneo. Science 303: 1000-1003.

FWI/GFW. 2002. The State of the Forest: Indonesia. Bogor, Indonesia: Forest Watch Indonesia, & Washington DC: Global Forest Watch.

Kinnaird, M. F., Sanderson, E. W., O'Brien, T. G., Wibisono, H. T. & Woolmer, G. 2003. Deforestation trends in a tropical landscape and implications for endangered large mammals. Conservation Biology 17 245-257.

Kottelat, M., & Whitten, T. 1996. Freshwater Biodiversity in Asia, with Special Reference to Fish. World Bank Technical Paper No. 343. Washington, D.C.: The World Bank.

Kottelat, M., Whitten, T., Kartikasari, S.J. & Wiryoatmodjo, S. 1996. Freshwater Fishes of Western Indonesia and Sulawesi. Periplus, Singapore.

MacKinnon, J. & Philipps, K. 1993. Field Guide to the Birds of Sumatra, Borneo, Java and Bali. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

O'Brien, T. G. & Kinnaird, M. F. 2003. Caffeine and conservation. Science 300: 587.

Rijksen, H. D. & Meijaard, E. 1999. Our Vanishing Relative. The Status of Wild Orang-utans at the Close of the Twentieth Century. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Siegert, F., Ruecker, G., Hinrichs, A. & Hoffmann, A. A. 2001. Increased damage from fires in logged forests during droughts caused by El Niño. Nature 414: 437-440.

van Steenis, C.G.G.J. 1950. The delimitation of Malesia and its main plant geographical divisions. Flora Malesiana Series1:70-75.

Whitmore, T.C. (Ed.). 1981. Wallace's Line and Plate Tectonics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Whitmore, T.C. (Ed.). 1984. Tropical Rain Forests of the Far East. 2nd edn. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Whitten, T. 2002. Limestone biodiversity: Treasure houses of rare species. In E.D. Wikramanayake, E. Dinerstein, C. Loucks, D. Olson, J. Morrison, J. Lamoreux, M. McKnight & P. Hedao. Terrestrial Ecoregions of the Indo-Pacific: A Conservation Assessment. pp. 36-38. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.

Whitten, T., Damanik, S.J. & Anwar, J. 1987. The Ecology of Sumatra. 2nd edition. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Whitten, T. & Whitten, J. 1992. Wild Indonesia. London: New Holland Publishers.

Whitten, T., Soeriaatmadja, R.E., & Afiff, S.A. 1996. The Ecology of Java and Bali. Singapore: Periplus Editions.

Wich, S.A., Singleton, I., Utami-Atmoko, S.S., Geurts, M.L., Rijksen, H.D. & van Schaik, C.P. 2003. The status of the Sumatran orang-utan Pongo abelii: An update. Oryx 37: 49-54.

Wikramanayake, E.D., Dinerstein, E., Loucks, C., Olson, D., Morrison, J., Lamoreux, J., McKnight, M., & Hedao, P. (Eds.). 2002. Terrestrial Ecoregions of the Indo-Pacific: A Conservation Assessment. Washington, D.C.: Island Press.

World Bank. 2001. Indonesia: Environment and Natural Resource Management in a Time of Transition. Washington, D.C.